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Celebrex (Celecoxib)

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Generic Celebrex is a high-powered medication in battle against arthritis (rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis), ankylosing spondylitis and painful menstruation. Generic Celebrex can be helpful for patients with problems of stomach, intestines, heart, circulation, and FAP (familial adenomatous polyposis). Generic Celebrex acts as popular medicine which can not only provide treatment of arthritis but also it protects from painful menstruation.

Other names for this medication:

Similar Products:
Motrin, Naprosyn, Anaprox, Mobic, Indocin


Also known as:  Celecoxib.


Generic Celebrex is produced with efficacious pharmacy formula making Generic Celebrex wonderful weapon against arthritis (rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis), painful menstruation, inflammation, fever, joint pain, swelling and tenderness. Target of Generic Celebrex is to prevent pain and inflammation.

Generic Celebrex acts as popular medicine which can not only provide treatment of arthritis but also it protects from painful menstruation. Generic Celebrex acts blocking hormones of pain and inflammation.

Celebrex is also known as Celecoxib, Celebra, Cobix, Celcoxx, Selecap.

Generic Celebrex is NSAID (anti-inflammatory drug).

Generic name of Generic Celebrex is Celecoxib.

Brand names of Generic Celebrex are Celebrex, Celebra.


Generic Celebrex is available in capsules which should be taken by mouth meal or milk.

It is better to take Generic Celebrex every day.

Take Generic Celebrex and remember that its dosage depends on patient's health state.

For treatment of rheumatoid arthritis

Usual Generic Celebrex dosage is 100-200 mg twice a day.

For treatment of osteoarthritis

Usual Generic Celebrex dosage is 100 mg twice a day or 200 mg once a day.

For treatment of painful menstruation

Usual Generic Celebrex dosage is 400 mg once a day at the first day of treatment. In case you need, the dosage of 400 mg can be divided into double dose and can be taken twice a day.

For treatment of FAP

Usual Generic Celebrex dosage 400 mg twice a day.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Generic Celebrex suddenly.


If you overdose Generic Celebrex and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.


Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Keep container tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Celebrex are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not take Generic Celebrex if you are allergic to Generic Celebrex components or to aspirin.

Do not take Generic Celebrex if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant. It is unknown if Generic Celebrex is excreted in breast milk. Avoid breast-feeding.

Generic Celebrex can't be given to children under 2 years.

Generic Celebrex can't be given to patients who experience bypass surgery.

Do not use allergy and pain medicines at the same time with Generic Celebrex.

Try to be careful with Generic Celebrex in case of using such medications as (Mavik), quinapril (Accupril), ACE inhibitor (captopril (Capoten), benazepril (Lotensin), lisinopril (Zestril, Prinivil), ramipril (Altace), enalapril (Vasotec), fosinopril (Monopril), moexipril (Univasc), perindopril (Aceon), blood thinner as warfarin (Coumadin), aspirin or other NSAIDs (mefenamic acid (Ponstel), etodolac (Lodine), diclofenac (Voltaren), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), piroxicam (Feldene),naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn), flurbiprofen (Ansaid), ketorolac (Toradol), ketoprofen (Orudis), nabumetone (Relafen), meloxicam (Mobic)), methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall), diuretics (furosemide (Lasix)), lithium (Eskalith, Lithobid).

Be careful with Generic Celebrex in case of having liver, heart or kidney disease, asthma, high blood pressure, stroke, stomach ulcers, bleeding or blood clotting disorder, congestive heart failure, epilepsy.

Be careful with sunbeams. Generic Celebrex makes skin sensitive to sunlight. Protect skin from the sun.

Avoid alcohol.

It can be dangerous to stop Generic Celebrex taking suddenly.

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Hazard ratios and 95% CIs, adjusted for age, gender and cardiovascular risk, for each group relative to the reference group were: celecoxib 1.39 (1.25, 1.55), diclofenac 1.44 (1.28, 1.62), meloxicam 1.49 (1.25, 1.78), rofecoxib 1.58 (1.39, 1.79), non-selective NSAIDs 1.76 (1.59, 1.94).

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With the use of glioblastoma and pancreatic carcinoma cell lines, we comparatively analyzed the effects of celecoxib, UMC, and DMC in various short-term (< or =48 hours) cellular and molecular studies, as well as in long-term (< or =3 months) focus formation assays. We found that DMC exhibited the most potent antitumor activity; celecoxib was somewhat less effective, and UMC clearly displayed the overall weakest antitumor potential in all aspects. The differential growth-inhibitory and apoptosis-stimulatory potency of these compounds in short-term assays did not at all correlate with their capacity to inhibit COX-2, but was closely aligned with their ability to trigger endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS), as indicated by the induction of the ERS marker CHOP/GADD153 and activation of the ERS-associated caspase 7. In addition, we found that these compounds were able to restore contact inhibition and block focus formation during long-term, chronic drug exposure of tumor cells, and this was achieved at sub-toxic concentrations in the absence of ERS or inhibition of COX-2.

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It has been shown previously that a novel nitrooxy derivative of celecoxib exerts antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic effects in human colon cancer cells. The aim of this study was to elucidate whether these biological properties depend on COX-2 inhibition and/or NO release. Therefore, the derivative was decomposed into the parent compound celecoxib and the NO donor benzyl nitrate and the biological role of each was tested in COX-2-positive (HT-29) and -negative (SW-480) colon cancer cells. The main findings were that the nitro-oxy derivative behaved like celecoxib in HT-29 cells in terms of COX-2 and ERK/MAPK inhibition, as well as induction of apoptosis, while the benzyl nitrate had no such effects. Interestingly, the beta-catenin system was activated by the nitro-oxy derivative as well as by benzyl nitrate alone more potently than by the parent compound celecoxib, suggesting a possible regulatory role for NO. In SW480 cells, these activities were substantially less pronounced, suggesting the presence of COX-2-dependent mechanisms in the modulation of these parameters.

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To study the effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on multimodal analgesia after total knee arthroplasty.

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In the phase II study, the objective response rate was 41%. The median time to progression was 7.7 months and median survival time was 21.2 months. Tumor COX-2 expression, by immunohistochemistry, was assessed for 17 patients enrolled in the same phase II study. While not statistically significant, the response rate was better for patients in the low COX-2 expression group, while time to progression and overall survival was longer in patients in the high COX-2 expression group. This discrepancy can be partially attributed to the small sample size.

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In our previous study, we found that celecoxib, a kind of COX-2 inhibitor, led to cell apoptosis while up-regulating the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in colorectal cancer HCT116 cells (COX-2 deficient), and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress was involved in the mechanism. Thus, we would like to explore whether these results are universal for other colorectal cancer cells, especially for COX-2-expressing ones, and whether the results in vitro and in vivo are matched.

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Analysis of randomized controlled trials from the Pfizer clinical trial repository (final study reports completed by 31 July 2011) in which celecoxib was compared with placebo or non-selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (nsNSAIDs) for treatment of pain or inflammation in adults. Safety end points comprised 18 terms that had been identified as important AEs among all NSAIDs.

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To evaluate the effects of PTH(1-34) on cartilage, subchondral bone mass and structure in medial meniscectomized guinea pigs and compare them to those of celecoxib (CLX).

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Cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenases metabolize arachidonic acid to epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs). CYP2C9-derived EETs elicit endothelial cell proliferation and angiogenesis, but the signaling pathways involved are incompletely understood. Because cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is involved in angiogenesis, we determined whether a link exists between CYP2C9 and COX-2 expression.

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Cell proliferation and UGT1A1 induction assays were carried out with individual polyphenols and combinations. Cell viability was determined with AlamarBlue assays. UGT1A1 mRNA was quantified via real time RT-PCR. UGT activity was determined with 4-methylumbelliferone (4MU) glucuronidation.

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To investigate the anti-tumor effect of celecoxib combined with tegafur gimeracil oteracil potassium on subcutaneous xenograft tumor of gastric cancer in nude mice and analyze the possible mechanism.

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3-[ 4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2, 5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) test was used to investigate the cell proliferation. Flow cytometry (FCM) was used to analyze the cell cycle arrest. Immunocytochemistry technique was to observe the expression of VEGF.

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The search included experimental (in vitro and animal models) and clinical studies evaluating the use of NSAIDs for the chemoprevention of colorectal cancer. The MEDLINE search was supplemented by references from selected articles.

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Initially, patients received MMC on day 1 and irinotecan on days 2, 8, 15 and 22, every 6 weeks. MMC dose was fixed at 6 mg/m(2) and cumulative doses of >36 mg/m(2) were not permitted. Irinotecan was escalated in 25 mg/m(2) increments. Due to late-onset diarrhea, the schedule was subsequently shortened to 4 weeks, omitting irinotecan on days 15 and 22. In the second part of the study, celecoxib 400 mg orally twice daily was added to irinotecan/MMC regimen. Potential pharmacokinetic interactions and Topo-1 and DT-diaphorase (NQ01) gene expressions in peripheral-mononuclear cells were evaluated.

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Experimental periodontitis in rats was induced by repeated injection of purified lipopolysaccharide (LPS) derived from Escherichia coli endotoxin. Forty-seven adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five study groups as follows: saline control, LPS, LPS + celecoxib, LPS + omega-3 fatty acid, and LPS + celecoxib + omega-3 fatty acid. Celecoxib and omega-3 fatty acid were given alone or in combination during 14 days of the experimental study period. At the end of the 2-week protocol, serum samples were obtained, and the rats were sacrificed. Serum samples were analyzed for IL-1beta, OC, and CRP concentrations by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Defleshed jaws were analyzed morphometrically for alveolar bone loss. Data were evaluated statistically by non-parametric tests.

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This study aimed to measure expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and CD34 in pretreatment tumor biopsies from patients on the RTOG C0128 phase II study, and to correlate expression of these biomarkers, using quantitative immunohistochemistry, with clinical outcome parameters.

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Cetuximab-naive patients with refractory CRC were treated with cetuximab (400 mg/m loading dose followed by weekly cetuximab at 250 mg/m) and celecoxib (200 mg orally twice daily). Urinary PGE-M, a stable metabolite of PGE2 that correlates with in vivo COX-2 activity, and serum TGF-α, a ligand that binds to EGFR, were measured serially to assess the biological effect of COX-2 and EGFR blockade.

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Describe the patterns of use of NSAIDS and COX-2 in The Health Improvement Network (THIN) database in UK and the PharMetrics database in USA.

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Cell lines (A549, 201T, 273T) representing NSCLC were treated for 72 h in the presence or absence of inhibitors to PI3K (LY-294002; Tocris Bioscience, Ellisville, MO), BCL-2 (Gossypol; Sigma-Aldrich, St. Louis, MO), Cox-2 (NS-398 [Sigma-Aldrich] or Celecoxib [Pfizer]), MAPK (U0126 [Sigma-Aldrich]), and EGFR (Iressa; AstraZeneca, Macclesfield, United Kingdom) both alone and in combination with 10 or 30 mum cisplatin (Sigma-Aldrich) (18 possible regimens for each cell line). MTT assay (Trevigen, Gaithersburg, MD) was used to measure cytotoxicity. Controls were represented by cells with either a pure culture medium (monotherapy regimen control) or culture medium with the corresponding dose of cisplatin (combination regimen control). Unpaired t-test was used to classify response to therapy as highly sensitive (P < 0.01), sensitive (0.01 < or = P < 0.05), or resistant (P > or = 0.05). Concordance was defined as a similar response category between cell lines.

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To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs), including cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors, to induce regression and prevent the progression of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia CIN.

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Cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is characterized by prolonged severe constriction of the basilar artery, which often leads to ischemic brain damage. Locally elevated concentrations of spasmogenic substances induce persistent depolarization of myocytes in the basilar artery, leading to continuous influx of calcium (Ca) through voltage-sensitive Ca channels and myocyte contraction. Potassium (K) channel openers may have therapeutic utility to oppose membrane depolarization, dilate the arteries, and reduce ischemia. Here, we examined the involvement of vascular Kv7 K channels in the pathogenesis of cerebral vasospasm and tested whether Kv7 channel openers are effective therapeutic agents in a rat model of SAH. Patch-clamp experiments revealed that 3 different spasmogens (serotonin, endothelin, and vasopressin) suppressed Kv7 currents and depolarized freshly isolated rat basilar artery myocytes. These effects were significantly reduced in the presence of a Kv7 channel opener, retigabine. Retigabine (10 μM) also significantly blocked L-type Ca channels, reducing peak inward currents by >50%. In the presence of a selective Kv7 channel blocker, XE991, the spasmogens did not produce additive constriction responses measured using pressure myography. Kv7 channel openers (retigabine or celecoxib) significantly attenuated basilar artery spasm in rats with experimentally induced SAH. In conclusion, we identify Kv7 channels as common targets of vasoconstrictor spasmogens and as candidates for therapeutic intervention for cerebral vasospasm.

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Traditional nonselective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and cyclooxygenase-2-specific nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs interfere with tendon-to-bone healing.

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Acetaminophen (paracetamol--P) and Nimesulide (N) are widely used analgesic-antipyretic/anti-inflammatory drugs. The rate of adverse hypersensitivity reactions to these agents is generally low. On the contrary non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly involved in such reactions. Celecoxib (CE) is a novel drug, with high selectivity and affinity for COX-2 enzyme.

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Diclofenac did not affect the metabolic balance of PG and HA whereas, in a relatively dose-dependent manner, celecoxib increased the synthesis of HA and PG; celecoxib also reduced the net loss of labeled HA and PG molecules from cartilage explants.

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Expenditures on prescribed drugs in Canada are now well past those for all services provided by outpatient physicians ($26.9 billion vs. $21.5 billion in 2007). Government has the opportunity to dedicate resources to continuing medical education of physicians, and effective profiling would assist in the allocation of these educational resources.

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A non-competitive mechanism of inhibition was revealed and equilibrium inhibitory constant equal to 313±40 µmol/l was determined. Comparing to AChE, celecoxib was not proved as an inhibitor of enzyme butyrylcholinesterase (BChE). The lowest ΔG was equal to -7.78 kcal/mol. In this case, celecoxib stacked sulfonamide moiety between TYR 337 and TYR 341 of alfa anionic subsite of active site. Cation-Π interactions appears to be responsible for the inhibition.

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To compare the prevalence of contra-indications and selected risk factors for NSAID-toxicity among COX-2 inhibitor users and non-selective NSAID users.

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In terms of protection of small intestine from NSAIDs toxicity, celecoxib monotherapy was superior to loxoprofen+lansoprazole combination therapy (UMIN: 000007936).

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The non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) celecoxib and sulindac have been reported to suppress lung cancer migration and invasion. The class III deacetylase sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) possesses both pro- and anticarcinogenic properties. However, its role in inhibition of lung cancer cell epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) by NSAIDs is not clearly known. We attempted to investigate the potential use of NSAIDs as inhibitors of TGF-β1-induced EMT in A549 cells, and the underlying mechanisms of suppression of lung cancer migration and invasion by celecoxib and sulindac. We demonstrated that celecoxib and sulindac were effective in preventing TGF-β1-induced EMT, as indicated by upregulation of the epithelial marker, E-cadherin, and downregulation of mesenchymal markers and transcription factors. Moreover, celecoxib and sulindac could inhibit TGF-β1-enhanced migration and invasion of A549 cells. SIRT1 downregulation enhanced the reversal of TGF-β1-induced EMT by celecoxib or sulindac. In contrast, SIRT1 upregulation promoted TGF-β1-induced EMT. Taken together, these results indicate that celecoxib and sulindac can inhibit TGF-β1-induced EMT and suppress lung cancer cell migration and invasion via downregulation of SIRT1. Our findings implicate overexpressed SIRT1 as a potential therapeutic target to reverse TGF-β1-induced EMT and to prevent lung cancer cell migration and invasion.

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The nocturnal pattern of activity of healthy rats comprised 3 main bursts. Chronic painful monarthritis altered this spontaneous pattern of nocturnal behavior (normal period of activity). Monarthritic rats showed a decrease in the total time spent in activity during the night, and lost their pattern of activity. These behavioral disturbances were reversed after long-term treatment with acetaminophen or celecoxib, with celecoxib appearing to be more effective. Aspirin was ineffective.

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celebrex medication 2015-06-30

To assess analgesic efficacy and adverse effects buy celebrex of a single oral dose of celecoxib for moderate to severe postoperative pain.

celebrex dosage medscape 2015-04-09

Prostaglandins are synthesized buy celebrex by cyclooxygenase (COX) and are thought to play an important role in nociceptive transmission in the spinal cord. Fos expression is an indicator of spinal neuron activation. We examined the role of intrathecal selective and nonspecific COX inhibitors on spinal C-Fos expression.

celebrex cost 2016-01-22

The detection of drug abuse in horseracing often requires knowledge of drug metabolism, especially if urine is the matrix of choice. In this study, equine liver/lung microsomes/S9 tissue fractions were used to study the phase I metabolism of eight drugs of relevance to equine drug surveillance (acepromazine, azaperone, celecoxib, fentanyl, fluphenazine, mepivacaine, methylphenidate and tripelennamine). In vitro samples were analyzed qualitatively alongside samples originating from in vivo administrations using LC-MS on a high resolution accurate mass Thermo Orbitrap Discovery instrument and by LC-MS/MS on an Applied Biosystems Sciex 5500 Q Trap.Using high resolution accurate mass full-scan analysis on the Orbitrap, the in vitro systems were found to generate at least the two most abundant phase I metabolites observed in vitro buy celebrex for all eight drugs studied. In the majority of cases, in vitro experiments were also able to generate the minor in vivo metabolites and sometimes metabolites that were only observed in vitro. More detailed analyses of fentanyl incubates using LC-MS/MS showed that it was possible to generate good quality spectra from the metabolites generated in vitro. These data support the suggestion of using in vitro incubates as metabolite reference material in place of in vivo post-administration samples in accordance with new qualitative identification guidelines in the 2009 International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation-G7 (ILAC-G7) document.In summary, the in vitro and in vivo phase I metabolism results reported herein compare well and demonstrate the potential of in vitro studies to compliment, refine and reduce the existing equine in vivo paradigm.

celebrex online 2016-05-03

Celecoxib, a clinical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, displays anticarcinogenic and chemopreventive activities in human colorectal cancers, although the mechanisms of apoptosis by celecoxib are poorly understood. The existence of functional p53 but not securin in colorectal cancer cells was higher on the induction of cytotoxicity than the p53-mutational colorectal cancer cells following celecoxib treatment. The p53-wild type HCT116 cells were more susceptible to increase approximately 25% cell death than the p53-null HCT116 cells after treatment with 100 microM celecoxib for 24 h. Transfection with a small interfering RNA of p53 reduced the celecoxib-induced cytotoxicity in the RKO (p53-wild type) colorectal cancer cells. Celecoxib (80-100 microM for 24 h) significantly increased total p53 proteins and the phosphorylated p53 proteins at serine-15, -20, -46, and -392 in RKO cells. However, the phospho-p53 (serine-15, -20, and -392) proteins were presented on the nuclei of cells but the phospho-p53 (serine-46) protein was located on the cytoplasma of apoptotic cells following treatment with celecoxib. Interestingly, the p53 up-regulated modulator of apoptosis (PUMA) protein, which located on the mitochondria, was induced by celecoxib in the p53-functional colorectal cancer cells but not in the p53-mutational cells. Together, this study provides the first time that celecoxib induces the various phosphorylated sites of p53 and activates p53-PUMA pathway buy celebrex , which potentiates the apoptosis induction in human colorectal cancer cells.

celebrex loading dose 2015-11-27

It has been reported that anti-inflammatory drugs (AIDs) inhibited bone repair in animal studies, and suppressed proliferation and induced cell death in rat osteoblast cultures. In this study, we further investigated the molecular mechanisms of AID effects on proliferation and cell death in human osteoblasts (hOBs). We examined the effects of dexamethasone (10(-7) and 10(-6)M), non-selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): indomethacin, ketorolac, piroxicam and diclofenac (10(-5) and 10(-4)M), and COX-2 inhibitor: celecoxib (10(-6) and 10(-5)M) on proliferation, cytotoxicity, cell death, and mRNA and protein levels of cell cycle and apoptosis-related regulators in hOBs. All the tested AIDs significantly inhibited proliferation and arrested cell cycle at G0/G1 phase in hOBs. Celecoxib buy celebrex and dexamethasone, but not non-selective NSAIDs, were found to have cytotoxic effects on hOB, and further demonstrated to induce apoptosis and necrosis (at higher concentration) in hOBs. We further found that indomethacin, celecoxib and dexamethasone increased the mRNA and protein expressions of p27(kip1) and decreased those of cyclin D2 and p-cdk2 in hOBs. Bak expression was increased by celecoxib and dexamethasone, while Bcl-XL level was declined only by dexamethasone. Furthermore, the replenishment of PGE1, PGE2 or PGF2alpha did not reverse the effects of AIDs on proliferation and expressions of p27(kip1) and cyclin D2 in hOBs. We conclude that the changes in expressions of regulators of cell cycle (p27(kip1) and cyclin D2) and/or apoptosis (Bak and Bcl-XL) by AIDs may contribute to AIDs caused proliferation suppression and apoptosis in hOBs. This effect might not relate to the blockage of prostaglandin synthesis by AIDs.

celebrex dosage range 2017-08-14

We determined that Celecoxib analogues are potent inhibitors of P-Akt signalling buy celebrex and kill breast cancer cells that overexpress HER-2. We also defined an association between HER-2 and P-Akt in primary breast tissues, suggesting that these inhibitors may benefit patients in need of new treatment options.

celebrex dose rate 2017-09-18

The high frequency dynamics of Indomethacin and Celecoxib glasses has been investigated by inelastic x-ray scattering, accessing a momentum-energy region still unexplored in buy celebrex amorphous pharmaceuticals. We find evidence of phonon-like acoustic dynamics, and determine the THz behavior of sound velocity and acoustic attenuation. Connections with ordinary sound propagation are discussed, along with the relation between fast and slow degrees of freedom as represented by non-ergodicity factor and kinetic fragility, respectively.

celebrex high dose 2016-07-01

The present study was undertaken to investigate the beneficial effect of HIV protease inhibitor Indinavir on memory deficits associated with experimental dementia of Alzheimer disease's (AD) type. Dementia was induced in Swiss albino mice by administration of Celecoxib ( buy celebrex 100 mg kg(-1) orally, daily for 9 days) or Streptozotocin (3 mg kg(-1) administered intracerebroventricularly on 1st and 3rd day) and the cognitive behaviors of Swiss albino mice were assessed using Morris water maze test. Brain acetyl cholinesterase (AChE) activity was measured by Ell Mann's method. Brain thiobarbituric acid reactive species (TBARS) levels and reduced glutathione (GSH) levels were measured by Ohokawa's and Beutler's method respectively to assess total oxidative stress. Donepezil (0.1 mg kg(-1) i.p.) served as positive control in the present investigation. Celecoxib as well as Streptozotocin (STZ) produced a significant loss of learning and memory. Indinavir (100 and 200 mg kg(-1) orally) successfully attenuated Celecoxib as well as STZ induced cognitive deficits. Higher levels of brain AChE activity, TBARS and lower levels of GSH were observed in Celecoxib as well as STZ treated animals, which were significantly attenuated by Donepezil and Indinavir. Study highlights the potential of Indinavir in memory dysfunctions associated with dementia of AD.

celebrex dosing 2017-09-09

In this article the authors discuss the rationale and research supporting the hypothesis that meningioma tumorigenesis may, in part, be driven by overexpression of cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2) and that treatment with celecoxib, a selective Cox-2 inhibitor, may hold therapeutic promise. Because therapies for recurrent or aggressive meningiomas (atypical or malignant subtypes) such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy generally offer little therapeutic benefit, interest in targeting Cox-2 has grown. This rate-limiting enzyme of prostaglandin synthesis can be inhibited with nonsteroidal buy celebrex antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and celecoxib. Treatment with NSAIDs has been shown to curb the tumorigenic properties of prostaglandins in several cancer models via both Cox-2-dependent and -independent mechanisms. In addition, celecoxib is well tolerated in humans, making its use as a chronic therapy for meningiomas attractive.

celebrex 300 mg 2016-10-29

Although some of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are reported to be safe for NSAID-intolerant patients, they should not be suggested before confirming the safety by single-blind oral buy celebrex drug provocation tests. Various test protocols are used in different allergy centers. The aim of this survey was to find out if testing three drugs a day could be a safe, time-saving and cost-effective method.

celebrex max dose 2015-11-18

To investigate the role of COX-2 inhibitor celecoxib in inhibiting the migration of human tongue squamous buy celebrex cell carcinoma Tca8113 cells.

t celebrex dosage 2015-04-05

No dose-limiting toxicities were encountered at any dose level. The most common toxicities were acneiform rash, diarrhea, hand reaction, dyspepsia, and anemia. Four of 18 patients buy celebrex assessable for response (22%; 95% CI, 2% to 42%) achieved a confirmed partial response.

celebrex dosing information 2016-02-18

Ninety-one male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into normal saline group, model group (I) and prophylaxis group (II). Group I includes four subgroups (Ia, Ib, Ic, Id) treated by indomethacin (5 mgxkg(-1)xd(-1)), combination of indomethacin (5 mgxkg(-1)xd(-1)) and prednisone (10 mgxkg(-1)xd(-1)), celecoxib (100 mgxkg(-1)xd(-1)) and combination of celecoxib (100 mgxkg(-1)xd(-1)) and prednisone (10 mgxkg(-1 buy celebrex )xd(-1)) respectively. Group II also includes four subgroups (IIa, IIb, IIc, IId) pretreated by teprenone (12 mgxkg(-1)xd(-1)) compared with group I. Lesion index (LI), pathohistology index, cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) mRNA detected by RT-PCR were observed after 4 days.

celebrex dosage forms 2017-10-14

Pure amorphous celecoxib crystallized rapidly through both matrix and solution pathways. Matrix and solution crystallization was inhibited when celecoxib was molecularly mixed with a polymer, resulting in release buy celebrex of the drug to form supersaturated solutions. Cellulosic polymers were more effective than PVP in maintaining supersaturation. Combining a cellulosic polymer and PVP enabled improved drug release and stability to crystallization.

celebrex drug interactions 2016-07-10

COX-2 inhibitors, paracetamol and ns-NSAID's use was measured using dispensing data for concession beneficiaries subsidized by the Australian Pharmaceutical Benefit Scheme (PBS) for the period of 1997- Levitra Effectiveness Reviews 2005. Data were downloaded from the Medicare Australia website and converted, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC)/Defined Daily Dose (DDD) (2005), to DDD/1000 concession beneficiaries/day.

celebrex generic availability 2015-05-03

The use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) has been associated with increased blood pressure and hypertension. However, less is known about how the risk of hypertension is Diflucan 40 Mg associated with cyclooxygenase 2 selective inhibitors (coxibs), especially celecoxib, the only coxib remaining on the market.

celebrex overdose 2016-11-15

Women, over the age of 18, with the histologic diagnosis of moderate or severe cervical dysplasia were enrolled in this IRB approved study. Women were randomized to receive either Celecoxib 200 mg twice a day or placebo. Both examining physician and patients were blinded to treatment option. Follow-up colposcopy with cervical cytology was obtained at 2-month Zofran Cost intervals for 6 months, with cytologic and histologic specimens.

celebrex drug 2015-09-19

The cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 selective inhibitors celecoxib and rofecoxib have been found to be more effective than placebo and comparably effective to nonselective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in the treatment of patients with osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Two large outcome studies, the Celecoxib Long-term Arthritis Safety Study (CLASS) and Vioxx Gastrointestinal Outcomes Research (VIGOR) trial, were conducted to test the hypothesis that patients receiving a COX-2 selective inhibitor would have significantly fewer clinically important upper gastrointestinal events than patients taking nonselective NSAIDs. This article critically reviews the design and results of these trials. Both trials found that arthritis patients not taking low-dose aspirin (325 mg/day or less) who were randomized to receive COX-2 selective inhibitors had significantly fewer symptomatic and complicated ulcers than patients randomized to nonselective NSAIDs. A significant risk reduction was not demonstrated, however, in patients in the CLASS trial who were taking low-dose aspirin, itself an independent risk factor for the endpoint. These data validate the COX-2 hypothesis and support recommendations that a COX-2 selective inhibitor should be used in the treatment of patients at increased risk for symptomatic and complicated ulcers. Further studies are needed to determine whether COX-2 selective inhibitors are safer than nonselective NSAIDs when used in patients receiving low-dose aspirin Cordarone Generic Name . The COX-2 selective inhibitors have a similar profile of renal adverse events to nonselective NSAIDs. The increased rate of cardiovascular thromboembolic adverse events among patients randomized to rofecoxib compared to those randomized to naproxen in the VIGOR trial is consistent with the lack of an anti-platelet effect for this COX-2 selective inhibitor. This emphasizes the need for the use of low-dose aspirin in patients at risk for such events, especially myocardial infarction.

celebrex 100 mg 2017-03-31

Arthritis and musculoskeletal disorders are highly prevalent and management often involves the use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs. Cyclooxygenase-2 enzyme inhibitors are newer selective nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs that Zofran 4 Mg purport to exhibit less gastrointestinal toxicity than traditional nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs. Cardiotoxicity has been an adverse outcome of cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors and this article will critically review the evidence.

celebrex dosing instructions 2016-07-18

It has been suggested that intervertebral discs may be invaded by newly Strattera 80mg Tabs formed blood vessels and nerve fibers following injury of the anulus fibrosus. The nerve fibers have been considered to induce low back pain. However, it is still debated whether such ingrowth may occur and, if present, if this is based on the action of angiogenetic substances in the intervertebral disc or simply by normal would healing.

celebrex yellow capsule 2017-04-05

Obesity is associated with a worse breast cancer prognosis and elevated levels of inflammation, including greater cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression and activity in adipose-infiltrating macrophages. The product of this enzyme, the proinflammatory eicosanoid prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), stimulates adipose tissue aromatase expression and subsequent estrogen production, which could promote breast cancer progression. This study demonstrates that daily use of a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), which inhibits COX-2 activity, is associated with reduced estrogen receptor α (ERα)-positive breast cancer recurrence in obese and overweight women. Retrospective review of data from ERα-positive patients with an average body mass index of >30 revealed that NSAID users had a 52% lower recurrence rate and a 28-month delay in time to recurrence. To examine the mechanisms that may be mediating this effect, we conducted in vitro studies that utilized sera from obese and normal-weight patients with breast cancer. Exposure to sera from obese patients stimulated greater macrophage COX-2 expression and PGE2 production. This was correlated with enhanced preadipocyte aromatase expression following incubation in conditioned media (CM) collected from the obese-patient, sera-exposed macrophages, an effect Symmetrel Drug Summary neutralized by COX-2 inhibition with celecoxib. In addition, CM from macrophage/preadipocyte cocultures exposed to sera from obese patients stimulated greater breast cancer cell ERα activity, proliferation, and migration compared with sera from normal-weight patients, and these differences were eliminated or reduced by the addition of an aromatase inhibitor during CM generation. Prospective studies designed to examine the clinical benefit of NSAID use in obese patients with breast cancer are warranted.

celebrex 700 mg 2016-03-12

The chronic exposure of Caco-2 to indomethacin heptyl ester (indo HE) (0.4 muM) or nimesulide (10 muM) (selective COX-2 inhibitors) and naproxen (6 muM) (non selective inhibitor COX-1/COX-2) significantly decreased the expression and activity of P-gp. In contrast, the acute treatment by nimesulide and naproxen did not modify these parameters while indo HE treatment (48-72 h) caused a protein decrease and a functional inhibition of P-gp. Unexpectedly, the short-term treatment with naproxen Diovan And Alcohol induced an important increase of BCRP expression, but this induction was lost after long-term treatment. No modification of BCRP expression was observed after indo HE or nimesulide treatment.

celebrex tab 2016-09-15

The synthesis and structure activity relationships (SAR) of a series of novel selective COX-2 inhibitors are reported. The results show that some of the 1,3,4-triaryl-3-pyrrolin-2-ones 1 are more potent as COX-2 inhibitors than celecoxib, and that lactam Id has the same selectivity Asacol 800 Mg .

celebrex and alcohol 2015-08-13

The anti-proliferative effect of celecoxib and MMC were investigated alone and in co-administration, in UMUC-3, UMUC-3-CX, 5637 and 5637si-CX cells. When administered alone, the effect of MMC was 8-fold greater in UMUC-3. However, co-administration of 1 μM, 5 μM, and 10 μM celecoxib and MMC caused a 2,3-fold cytotoxicity increase in UMUC-3-CX cell only. MMC cytotoxicity was not affected by celecoxib co-administration either in 5637, or in 5637si-CX cells. As a result of all finding Cardura Pill from the permeability experiments, celecoxib was classified as P-gp unambiguous substrate: celecoxib is transported by MDR pumps and interferes with the efflux of MMC. Importantly, among all transporters, BCRP was only overexpressed in UMUC-3-CX cells, but not in 5637 and 5637si-CX.

celebrex cost comparison 2017-08-23

Dexamethasone (DEX, 0.5 mg kg(-1), s.c., -4 h) and indomethacin (INDO, 3 mg kg(-1), p.o., -1 h) suppressed Cg-induced pleural exudate accumulation by 84 and 77% and inflammatory cell influx by 66 and 47%, respectively. In contrast, celecoxib (CLX, 10 mg kg(-1), p.o., -1 h) or rofecoxib (RFX, 10 mg kg(-1) , p.o., -1 h) only reduced the Cg-induced pleural exudate volume by 44 and 40%, respectively, but had no significant effect over inflammatory cell influx. At the same doses used for pleurisy, DEX, INDO, CLX, RFX and SC-560 (a selective COX-1 inhibitor, 40 mg kg(-1), p.o., -1 h), inhibited the Cg-induced paw oedema by 49, 31, 21, 21 and 17%. DEX, INDO or SC-560 reduced the level of MPO by 71, 78 and 59%, while CLX or RFX produced a small, but significant increase (28 or 16%) in MPO activity. In the rat model of pleurisy, PGE2 levels in cell-free exudates were significantly attenuated by 91, 89, 57 Seroquel Generic Name and 65% in animals treated with DEX, INDO, CLX or RFX. In contrast, INDO reduced significantly the whole bloodTXB, synthesis (59%) while DEX and INDO reduced the pleural content of NOx significantly. Treatment of animals with CLX or RFX did not alter the content of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1beta or TNF-alpha in the pleural exudate, but CLX reduced IL-1beta levels in the rat paw tissue and RFX increased TNF-alpha in this tissue.

celebrex 75 mg 2016-04-10

Prostate is highly affected by aging, which lead to inflammatory disorders that can predispose to cancer development. Chemoprevention has emerged as a new therapeutic approach, intensifying studies evaluating the biological properties of new compounds. The aim of this study was to characterize the inflammatory responses in the prostate ventral lobe from senile mice treated with Goniothalamin (GTN), a promising natural compound with anti-inflammatory and antiproliferative properties. Its activity was compared to Celecoxib, an established nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).

celebrex dosage 2017-02-07

Herein, we evaluate the efficacy of the COX-2 inhibitor, apricoxib, in HNSCC cell lines. Apricoxib is effective in preventing tumour cell growth in three-dimensional, and anchorage-independent growth assays, as well as decreasing the capacity for tumour cell migration.

celebrex 60 mg 2016-11-04

Only one hypersensitivity reaction to CE was documented among 29 P-intolerant patients. Thus, we conclude that CE is a reasonably safe alternative which can be used in subjects who do not tolerate P.

celebrex drug class 2017-12-29

Recently, we demonstrated that intrahippocampal infusion of the cyclo-oxygenase (COX)-2-specific inhibitor celecoxib impaired spatial memory retention in the Morris water maze. In the present work, we investigated the effects of nicotine, infused in the rat dorsal hippocampus several minutes after infusion of celecoxib, on memory retention in the Morris water maze. Rats were trained for 3 days; each day included two blocks, and each block contained four trials. Test trials were conducted 48 h after surgery. As expected, bilateral intrahippocampal infusion of celecoxib (19 microg/side; 0.1 m) increased escape latency and travel distance in rats, indicating significant impairment of spatial memory retention. We also examined the effects of bilateral infusion of nicotine (0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 microg/side) on memory retention. Infusion of 1 microg nicotine significantly decreased escape latency and travel distance but not swimming speed, compared with controls, suggesting memory retention enhancement by nicotine at this concentration. In separate experiments, bilateral infusion of nicotine, infused 5 min after 0.1 m (19 microg/side) celecoxib infusion, was associated with escape latency, travel distance and swimming speed profiles very similar to those in control animals. Brain tissue sections from several of these animals were subjected to immunohistochemical staining analysis with anti-COX-2 antibodies. Quantification analysis by optical density measurements showed that the celecoxib infusion reduced the immunoreactivity of COX-2-containing neurons in the CA1 area of the hippocampus compared with controls, although this reduction was not significant. However, infusion of a combination of celecoxib and nicotine significantly increased this immunoreactivity compared with levels in control and celecoxib-infused groups. These results suggest that nicotine prevented or reversed the adverse effects of celecoxib on spatial memory retention and protected or restored the immunostaining pattern of COX-2 neurons in the rat dorsal hippocampus.

celebrex usual dosage 2016-03-15

Deposition of β-amyloid in brain is one of the pathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD) that is often associated with inflammatory response. Much evidence also points to a link between the renin-angiotensin system, hypertension and dementia. Accordingly, the potential use of anti-inflammatory and antihypertensives might be beneficial agents in AD therapy. In this study, we investigated the possible mechanisms of Celecoxib (cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor), Perindopril (angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor) and their combination in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) model of AD. Mice were injected with LPS (0.8 mg/ kg, i.p.) once then divided into three groups: the first was treated with Celecoxib (30 mg/kg/day, i.p.), the second with Perindopril (0.5 mg/kg/day, i.p.) and the last group with a combination of both drugs. Learning and memory function were tested using a Y-maze and locomotor activity was assessed using an open-field test. Cerebral specimens were subjected to histopathological studies. Brain tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), and interleukin (IL)-1β levels were measured. LPS decreased locomotor activity and percentage of correct choices in the Y-maze test. It also produced a significant increase in the percentage area of vascular angiopathy, area of lamellated plaques, and apoptotic index. These were associated with increased TNF-α and IL-1β. Administration of either Celecoxib or Perindopril partially improved cognitive impairment, decreased inflammatory cytokines and amyloid deposition. Combined therapy of both drugs completely prevented LPS induced neurodegenerative and cognitive changes. In conclusion, these findings establish a link between COX-2, ACE activity and cognitive impairment in AD and provided a promising strategy for the complete cure of AD.