cytoxan drug classification
Although high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) represents the standard of treatment for high-risk neuroblastoma (NBL), the most effective conditioning regimen still remains to be identified.
cytoxan generic price
The skin is the most common organ system involved in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). Nearly all patients experience cutaneous symptoms, including sclerosis, Raynaud's phenomenon, digital ulcers, telangiectasias, and calcinosis. In addition to posing functional challenges, cutaneous symptoms are often a major cause of pain, psychological distress, and body image dissatisfaction. The present article reviews the main features of SSc-related cutaneous manifestations and highlights an evidence-based treatment approach for treating each manifestation. This article also describes novel treatment approaches and opportunities for further research in managing this important clinical dimension of SSc.
cytoxan tablet strength
The nucleotide excision repair (NER) and base excision repair (BER) pathways, two DNA repair pathways, are related to platinum resistance in cancer treatment. In this paper, we studied the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of involved genes and response to platinum-based chemotherapy in epithelial ovarian cancer.
cytoxan 600 mg
We report patients with no distant metastases who were able to undergo radical resection after a combination of systemic therapy and Mohs chemosurgery. For locally advanced breast cancer, Mohs chemosurgery, in addition to multidisciplinary treatment, is useful.
Bortezomib has shown great promise in the treatment of amyloid light-chain (AL) amyloidosis. We present our experience of 43 patients with AL amyloidosis who received cyclophosphamide, bortezomib, and dexamethasone (CVD) upfront or at relapse. Of these, 74% had cardiac involvement and 46% were Mayo Cardiac Stage III. The overall hematologic response rate was 81.4%, including complete response (CR) in 41.9% and very good partial response with >90% decrease in difference between involved/uninvolved light chain (VGPR-dFLC) in 51.4%. Patients treated upfront had higher rates of CR (65.0%) and VGPR-dFLC (66.7%). The estimated 2-year progression-free survival was 66.5% for patients treated upfront and 41.4% for relapsed patients. Those attaining a CR or VGPR-dFLC had a significantly better progression-free survival (P=.002 and P=.026, respectively). The estimated 2-year overall survival was 97.7% (94.4% in Mayo Stage III patients). CVD is a highly effective regimen producing durable responses in AL amyloidosis; the deep clonal responses may overcome poor prognosis in advanced-stage disease.
cytoxan tablet dosage
To compare the regulating effects of Hedysari Radix and Astragali Radix alternative classic tonification prescriptions on humoral immunity in immunosuppressed mice.
buy cytoxan online
The average age at diagnosis was 34±13 years, with a sex-ratio of 1.78. The clinical presentation was dominated by the meningoencephalitis in 48.8% of cases, cerebral deep venous thrombosis in 43.6% of cases and myelopathy in 7.7% of cases. The 40 patients receiving cyclophosphamide bolus, despite two aggravated cases, evolved positively with clinical improvement and good tolerance.
cytoxan 125 mg
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with a large spectrum of lymphoproliferative diseases. Traditional methods of EBV detection include the immunohistochemical identification of viral proteins and DNA probes to the viral genome in tumoral tissue. The present study explored the detection of the EBV genome, using the BALF5 gene, in the bone marrow or blood mononuclear cells of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL) and related its presence to the clinical variables and risk factors. The results show that EBV detection in 21.5% of patients is not associated with age, gender, staging, B symptoms, international prognostic index scores or any analytical parameters, including lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) or β-2 microglobulin (B2M). The majority of patients were treated with R-CHOP-like (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisolone or an equivalent combination) and some with CHOP-like chemotherapy. Response rates [complete response (CR) + partial response (PR)] were not significantly different between EBV-negative and -positive cases, with 93.2 and 88.9%, respectively. The survival rate was also similar in the two groups, with 5-year overall survival (OS) rates of 64.3 and 76.7%, respectively. However, when analyzing the treatment groups separately there was a trend in EBV-positive patients for a worse prognosis in patients treated with CHOP-like regimens that was not identified in patients treated with R-CHOP-like regimens. We conclude that EBV detection in the bone marrow and blood mononuclear cells of DLBC patients has the same frequency of EBV detection on tumoral lymphoma tissue but is not associated with the risk factors, response rate and survival in patients treated mainly with immunochemotherapy plus rituximab. These results also suggest that the addition of rituximab to chemotherapy improves the prognosis associated with EBV detection in DLBCL.
Chemotherapy combinations with monoclonal antibodies are now the basis for treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Rituximab, the most widely used anti-CD20 antibody in routine clinical practice, led not only to improvement of progression-free survival, but also to improvement of overall survival in previously untreated patients with good performance status in combination with fludarabine and cyclophosphamide. This regimen has become the standard treatment for patients in good physical condition. Rituximab and the newest anti-CD20 antibody obinutuzumab in combination with chlorambucil, as compared with chlorambucil alone, prolonged overall survival in previously untreated patients with significant comorbidities, and the combination of anti-CD20 antibody with chlorambucil has become the standard regimen in this group of patients. Alemtuzumab and ofatumumab improved treatment results in refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Targeted therapy with combination chemotherapy and monoclonal antibody in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia represents a significant advance in the treatment of this disease.
cytoxan user reviews
The results demonstrated significant decrease in cellular proliferation and increase in loss of MMP in a dose-dependent manner. Paclitaxel, doxorubicin, tamoxifen, cyclophosphamide and docetaxel application downregulated SK-1 expression while paclitaxel, tamoxifen, cyclophosphamide and docetaxel but not doxorubicin downregulated GCS comparing to untreated control cells.
cytoxan drug category
The results of the present study indicate a very high level of BRCA mutations in breast cancer cases in Egypt and point to involvement of autophagic and apoptotic machinery activation in response to FAC chemotherapy.
cytoxan drug label
We present an unusual case of a young woman who developed multiple cranial masses and unilateral facial palsy 10 years after a successful living-unrelated kidney transplant. She was diagnosed with diffuse large B-cell plasmablastic differentiated lymphoma, a rare form of posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder. She responded to 5 cycles of cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone chemotherapy with resolution of all cranial masses. However, her facial palsy did not resolve, and she died 6 months after diagnosis with pneumonia and sepsis.
cytoxan pill dosage
This strategy provides encouraging results in children older than 1 year or 12 months with localised unresectable NB without MYCN amplification. However, in children older than 18 months and with unfavourable histology, additional treatment is recommended.
cytoxan renal dosing
A novel colorectal cancer vaccine composed of irradiated, allogeneic human colon cancer cells and GM-CSF-producing bystander cells was developed and tested in combination with a single intravenous low dose of cyclophosphamide in a phase 1 study of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.
Allogeneic marrow transplantation can cure sickle cell disease; however, HLA-matched donors are difficult to find, and the toxicities of myeloablative conditioning are prohibitive for most adults with this disease. We developed a nonmyeloablative bone marrow transplantation platform using related, including HLA-haploidentical, donors for patients with sickle cell disease. The regimen consisted of antithymocyte globulin, fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and total body irradiation, and graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis with posttransplantation high-dose cyclophosphamide, mycophenolate mofetil, and tacrolimus or sirolimus. After screening 19 patients, we transplanted 17, 14 from HLA-haploidentical and 3 from HLA-matched related donors. Eleven patients engrafted durably. With a median follow-up of 711 days (minimal follow up 224 days), 10 patients are asymptomatic, and 6 patients are off immunosupression. Only 1 patient developed skin-only acute graft-versus-host disease that resolved without any therapy; no mortality was seen. Nonmyeloablative conditioning with posttransplantation high-dose cyclophosphamide expands the donor pool, making marrow transplantation feasible for most patients with sickle cell disease, and is associated with a low risk of complications, even with haploidentical related donors. Graft failure, 43% in haploidentical pairs, remains a major obstacle but may be acceptable in a fraction of patients if the majority can be cured without serious toxicities.
We identified 277 non-metastatic RMS patients diagnosed and treated between 1990 and 2008. Patients with recorded N1 disease were evaluated for their diagnostic procedures and outcome.
cytoxan chemotherapy drug
Secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) has been suggested as a new biomarker and therapeutic target in breast cancer, as well as other tumor types.
cytoxan medication assistance
Clinicopathological features and patient outcomes were reviewed retrospectively for rhabdomyosarcoma patients receiving chemotherapy between 1981 and 2010 at our institution. Adults were defined as those aged 21 years or older.
cytoxan chemo drug
To determine whether any tumor biomarkers could account for the survival advantage observed in the LNH 03-2B trial among patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and low-intermediate risk according to the International Prognostic Index when treated with dose-intensive rituximab, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vindesine, bleomycin, and prednisone (R-ACVBP) compared with standard rituximab, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP).
cytoxan oral tablets
Here we report the first case of peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS), who initially presented with peripheral neuropathy. Nerve conduction, cerebral spinal fluid studies and his clinical course were compatible with sub-acute demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy. In addition, left cervical lymph node swelling was observed on admission. Diagnosis of PTCL-NOS was made by the histological, immunohistochemical, and Southern blot analyses on the biopsy specimen from the enlarged lymph node. Combination chemotherapy composed of cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin and prednisolone (CHOP) was effective for polyneuropathy as well as for lymphoma. Several antibodies relating to paraneoplastic syndrome such as Ma1, Ma2, Amphiphysin, CV2, Ri, Yo and Hu were all negative. Because sural nerve biopsy performed prior to CHOP therapy revealed no infiltration of lymphoma cells, immune dysfunction mediated by some cytokine or unidentified autoantibody related to PTCL-NOS was thought to be involved in the polyradiculoneuropathy.
This was the first characterization of the clinical care of elderly Portuguese patients with DLBCL. We showed that R-CHOP is effective even in patients > 79 years, emphasizing that treatment decisions based on age alone can compromise treatment efficacy and outcome in fit patients.
cytoxan lupus dosage
We identified only 9 cases with a frequency of 0.05 % (7 women, 2 men) with a mean age of 36.7 years [range, (26, 48)]. Frequent manifestations were prolonged fever (8 cases), malar rash (6 cases), arthritis (6 cases), alopecia (5 cases), discoid lupus (3 cases), haematological disorders (7 cases), serositis (4 cases) and renal failure (4 cases). All patients had at least 4 ACR criteria with an average of 6.11 criteria. ANA were positive in 8 patients with an average of 1/568, 68 [extremes (1/1280-1/160)]. The most commonly molecules used were Prednisone, Azathioprine and Hydroxychloroquine. The Mycofénolate Mofétil, Cyclophosphamide and Rituximab were used in a single patient. The outcome was favorable in 8 patients and we deplore the death of one patient.
cytoxan 50 mg
Screen-All was the dominant strategy. It was least costly at $32,589, compared with $32,598 for Screen-HR and $32,657 for Screen-None. It was also associated with the highest 1-year survival rate at 84.99%, compared with 84.96% for Screen-HR and 84.86% for Screen-None. The analysis was sensitive to the prevalence of HBsAg positivity in the low-risk population, with Screen-HR becoming least costly when this value was ≤ 0.20%.
cytoxan lupus dose
We describe haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) with high-dose post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) in a boy with x-linked chronic granulomatous disease (CGD).
cytoxan dosage vasculitis
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is currently the only curative treatment for acute leukemia. As HSCT improves the long-term survival, it is necessary to assess the late-onset complications affecting the quality of life following HSCT.
cytoxan dosage forms
A 46-year-old man developed a fever and cough, and computed tomography showed multiple, nodular infiltrative shadows in lungs. He was diagnosed as having intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL). Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI, T2W1) showed an abnormal signal area in the pons, which was IVLBCL involvement. R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone) therapy and intrathecal (I.T.) injection of methotrexate, cytarabine and prednisolone were selected. Complete remission (CR) was achieved and pontine involvement disappeared. A total of 8 courses of R-CHOP therapy and 4 courses of I.T. were performed. CR has been maintained for 1 year and 2 months.
cytoxan iv dosage
Febrile neutropenia (FN) is one of the serious complications of chemotherapy. However, the hematological nadir after chemotherapy and the timing of prophylaxis for FN remain unclear, especially for outpatients.
buy cytoxan cyclophosphamide
Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) is an angiodysplastic disorder that causes gastric bleeding. GAVE can develop as a complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT-GAVE), and it has been suggested that it may be associated with oral administration of busulfan. We report two cases of HSCT-GAVE after a conditioning regimen containing intra-venous busulfan (ivBu), not oral busulfan. The first case, a 42-year-old woman with blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm, underwent second allogeneic HSCT with conditioning regimen consisting of cyclophosphamide (120 mg/kg) and ivBu (12.8 mg/kg). HSCT-GAVE developed on day 84 post-transplant, and argon plasma coagulation (APC) was performed successfully. The second case, a 60-year-old woman with acute myelogenous leukemia, underwent allogeneic HSCT with the conditioning regimen consisting of ivBu (12.8 mg/kg) and fludarabine (150 mg/kg). She developed melena and was diagnosed with GAVE by endoscopy on day 145 post-transplant. Although complete hemostasis was not achieved despite four administrations of APCs, the melena spontaneously terminated on day 235 post-transplant. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing HSCT-GAVE after ivBU-based HSCT. Although there is no established therapy for HSCT-GAVE, APC may be an option for HSCT-GAVE.
S100A8/A9 (calprotectin) has shown promise as a biomarker for predicting relapse in antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). This study was undertaken to investigate serum S100A8/A9 level as a biomarker for predicting future relapse in a large cohort of patients with severe AAV.