Hyzaar is an effective strong preparation which is taken in treatment of hypertension disease. Hyzaar acts as anti-hypertension remedy. Hyzaar operates by reducing blood pressure.
Other names for this medication:
Also known as: Losartan.
Hyzaar is created by pharmacy specialists to combat hypertension disease. Target of Hyzaar is to control level of blood pressure.
Hyzaar acts as anti-hypertension remedy. Hyzaar operates by reducing blood pressure.
Hyzaar is also known as Losartan potassium, Hydrochlorothiazide, Cosart-H.
Hyzaar consists of Losartan and Hydrochlorothiazide. Losartan is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist. Hydrochlorothiazide is a diuretic.
Generic name of Hyzaar is Hydrochlorothiazide and Losartan.
Brand name of Hyzaar is Hyzaar.
You should take it orally with water.
It is better to take Hyzaar once a day at the same time with meals or without it.
If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Hyzaar suddenly.
If you overdose Hyzaar and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Symptoms of Hyzaar overdosage: fainting, feeling lightheaded, rapid heartbeat.
Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture, light and heat. Keep container tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.
The most common side effects associated with Hyzaar are:
Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.
Do not take Hyzaar if you are allergic to its components.
Do not take Hyzaar if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother. Hyzaar can harm your baby.
Try to be careful with Hyzaar usage in case of having liver or kidney disease, heart failure, diabetes, asthma, high blood levels, lupus, gout.
Try to be careful with Hyzaar usage in case of taking such medication as diuretics; lithium as Eskalith, Lithobid; colestipol as Colestid; phenobarbital as Luminal, Solfoton; cholestyramine as Questran; aspirin; oral steroids as dexamethasone (Decadron, Dexone), prednisone (Deltasone), methylprednisolone (Medrol); insulin or oral medications for diabetes; nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs); potassium supplements; medications for high blood pressure; narcotic pain medications.
Use Hyzaar with great care in case you want to undergo an operation (dental or any other).
If you want to achieve most effective results without any side effects it is better to avoid alcohol.
Do not stop taking Hyzaar suddenly.
Previous studies have demonstrated that antihypertensive treatment resets baroreflex control of heart rate (HR) and increases cardiac vagal baroreflex sensitivity. However, it is uncertain whether baroreflex control of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) also resets after treatment. We tested the hypothesis that chronic antihypertensive therapy alters baroreflex regulation of MSNA in patients with untreated moderate hypertension. Seven newly diagnosed patients with systolic blood pressure (BP) of 159+/-5 mm Hg (mean+/-SE) and diastolic BP of 103+/-4 mm Hg were studied before and after 1 to 2 weeks ' and 3 months (chronic) of antihypertensive treatment with losartan-hydrochlorothiazide (Hyzaar). MSNA and hemodynamics were measured supine, during a Valsalva maneuver (VM), and at 70 degrees head-up tilt (HUT) for 10 minutes. Data were compared with those obtained in 7 age-matched healthy controls. We found that Hyzaar lowered mean BP acutely and chronically by 20+/-4 and 23+/-3 mm Hg (both P<0.01) but did not change HR. Supine MSNA increased by 43+/-11% and 34+/-11% after acute and chronic treatment (both P<0.01). However, MSNA responses to VM and HUT did not differ after treatment compared with before treatment, indicating unchanged reflex control. These data indicate that sympathetic neural activity was augmented substantially by antihypertensive treatment with Hyzaar, consistent with an ongoing baroreflex unloading, and did not return to baseline or "reset" after 3 months of therapy. We speculate that persistent and marked sympathetic activation by the baroreflex may be a potential mechanism for hypertension that is refractory to antihypertensive therapy and may provide a target mechanism for persistent morbidity despite adequate BP control.
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The combination treatment significantly decreased both systolic (baseline: 147±11; 24 weeks: 133±13 mmHg) and diastolic (baseline: 79±8; 24 weeks: 72±10 mmHg) blood pressure. This treatment was also associated with a significant increase in the HbA1c level (baseline: 7.0±0.8%; 24 weeks: 7.2±0.9%) and a significant decrease in the urinary albumin-creatinine ratio (baseline: 280±590; 24 weeks: 110±253 mg/g creatinine). However, the combination treatment had no effect on lipid metabolism or the serum uric acid or potassium levels.
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A total of 207 hypertensive subjects were randomly assigned to a combination pill group (losartan 50mg/hydrochlorothiazide 12.5mg; n=103) or a control group (an angiotensin receptor blocker and a thiazide diuretic; n=104). Medication adherence was evaluated by pill counts at 1, 3, and 6 months after randomization. The mean adherence rates over 6 months were not different between the 2 groups: 98% in the combination pill group and 98% in the control group. Moreover, the 2 groups included similar numbers of subjects with relatively poor adherence rates (<90%) in each treatment period. The mean blood pressures over the 6-month treatment period were not different between the groups: 131/75 mmHg in the combination pill group and 130/75 mmHg in the control group (P=0.84/0.96).
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In the Netherlands, antihypertensive treatment for patients with mild hypertension is recommended if the 10-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk exceeds 20%. Recent evidence suggests that lifelong CVD risk estimates might be more informative than 10-year ones. In addition, the cost of antihypertensive treatment in the Netherlands has decreased during the last decade.
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The subjects were divided into three groups according to their adherence, i.e. relatively low-adherence (<90%; n = 19), moderate-adherence (90-99%; n = 71) and high-adherence (100%; n = 113) groups. Clinical characteristics of the subjects including BP, sex, randomized treatments and past medical history did not differ significantly among the three groups. Achieved follow-up BPs over the 6-month treatment period, which were adjusted for age, sex, baseline BP and randomized treatment, were significantly higher in the low-adherence group (135/78 mmHg) compared with the high-adherence (130/74 mmHg; P = 0.02/0.02) and the moderate-adherence (128/74 mmHg; P = 0.003/0.02) groups.
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More frequent RF in hypertensive patients are the following: high blood cholesterol (86.7%), left ventricular hypertrophy (53.2%), familial history of AH (74.2%). A combination of three and two RF occurs in 49.1 and 37% hypertensive patients, respectively. A 6-month treatment with Hyzaar lowered systolic blood pressure by 28.4 mm Hg and diastolic one by 15.4 mm Hg. The target blood pressure was achieved in 83.5%. Real clinical practice showed that administration of a target Hyzaar dose for 6 months leads to a 6.5% regress of left ventricular hypertrophy, an 11% decrease of total cholesterol, a 4% decrease of glucose and a 8.9% decrease of uric acid.
This study was conducted among 43 Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes complicated with hypertension in whom continuous treatment with high doses of ARBs did not reduce their blood pressure to the target level (a systolic blood pressure of 130 mmHg or lower and a diastolic blood pressure of 80 mmHg or lower). The antihypertensive and metabolic effects of switching from high-dose ARBs to a combination of losartan (50 mg/day) plus hydrochlorothiazide (12.5 mg/day) were examined. The primary endpoint was a decrease in blood pressure at 24 weeks.
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Low adherence to an antihypertensive-drug regimen was associated with poor BP control.
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Long-term effects of a low-dose hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) with losartan (LOS) on uric acid (UA) metabolism as well as glucose metabolism have been studied in hypertensive patients in comparison with those of a low-dose HCTZ with telmisartan (TEL).
Both systolic and diastolic blood pressures significantly decreased in two groups, without any statistical differences among them. LOS + HCTZ caused no changes in the serum UA level or the ratio of UA clearance to creatinine clearance (CUA/Ccr), whereas TEL + HCTZ significantly increased the serum UA level and reduced CUA/Ccr. LOS + HCTZ did not influence CUA/Ccr in patients with their serum UA below 5.4 mg/dl, while LOS + HCTZ significantly increased CUA/Ccr in patients with their serum UA above 5.5 mg/dl. TEL + HCTZ significantly reduced CUA/Ccr in patients with their serum UA below and above 5.4 mg/dl to increase serum UA level significantly. Neither combination therapies caused any changes in fasting plasma glucose, HbA1c and HOMA-R. In patients with their serum UA level above 5.4 mg/dl, TEL + HCTZ increased HOMA-R, whereas LOS + HCTZ did not.
The aim of this study was to compare the differences in the levels of a highly sensitive cardiac troponin T (Hs-cTnT) between Losartan (LOS) plus hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) and amlodipine. Seventy-eight hypertensive patients were randomized to receive LOS/HCTZ or amlodipine for 8 weeks. Both treatments decreased clinic and 24-hour blood pressure to the same extent. The Hs-cTnT level was significantly reduced in the amlodipine group (P < .05), but such a reduction was not found in the LOS/HCTZ group in the upper half group of Hs-cTnT level at baseline. Amlodipine had a more beneficial effect than LOS/HCTZ in patients with high Hs-cTnT levels.
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The aim of the present study was to assess changes in blood pressure and metabolism after switching treatment from maximum-dose angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) therapy to a mixture of conventional-dose ARBs and low-dose diuretics.
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Losartan + HCTZ was as effective as bisoprolol + HCTZ, with target office BP achieved in 96.9% and 92.6% of patients and target 24-hour BP in 75% and 66.7% of patients, respectively, after 6 months. Effective treatment of BP led to significant lowering of central systolic BP, but this was decreased to a significantly (P < 0.05) greater extent by losartan + HCTZ (-23.0 ± 2.3 mmHg) than by bisoprolol + HCTZ (-15.4 ± 2.9 mmHg) despite equal lowering of brachial BP. Factors correlated with central systolic BP and its lowering differed between the treatment groups. Losartan + HCTZ did not alter arterial stiffness patterns significantly, but bisoprolol + HCTZ significantly increased AIx. We noted differences in ΔPWVE, ΔPWVM, and ΔAIx between the groups in favor of losartan + HCTZ. Decreased heart rate was associated with higher central systolic BP and AIx in the bisoprolol + HCTZ group, but was not associated with increased AIx in the losartan + HCTZ group.
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Morning hypertension is an established risk factor for cardiovascular events. In the Morning Hypertension and Angiotensin Receptor Blocker/Hydrochlorothiazide Combination Therapy (MAPPY) study, a 50-mg losartan/12.5-mg hydrochlorothiazide combination (Los/HCTZ) lowered morning blood pressure (BP) more effectively than 100-mg losartan (High-Los) in treated hypertensive patients with morning hypertension. The aim of this MAPPY study sub-analysis was to determine whether Los/HCTZ was effective for controlling isolated morning hypertension (morning BP ≥ 135/85 mmHg and evening BP < 135/85 mmHg), sustained hypertension (morning and evening BP ≥ 135/85 mmHg), or both. Of the 110 patients studied, 25 (22.7%) had isolated morning hypertension, and 85 (77.3%) had sustained hypertension at baseline. After 3-month treatment, isolated morning hypertension developed into controlled hypertension (morning and evening BP < 135/85 mmHg) in 9 of 11 Los/HCTZ patients (81.8%) and 3 of 14 High-Los patients (21.4%) (p = 0.003, chi-square test). Sustained hypertension developed into controlled hypertension in 21 of 44 Los/HCTZ patients (47.7%) and 13 of 41 High-Los patients (31.7%)(NS). The rates of achievement of SBP < 135 mmHg both in the morning and evening were: 81.8% and 21.4% in Los/HCTZ- and High-Los-treated isolated morning hypertension (p = 0.003), respectively; and 61.4% and 36.6% in Los/HCTX- and High-Los-treated sustained hypertension (p = 0.022), respectively. In conclusion, Los/HCTZ was effective for controlling both types of morning hypertension, especially isolated morning hypertension. Los/HCTZ was superior to High-Los in treating both types of morning hypertension.
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To investigate the association of adherence to antihypertensive drug regimens and BP control using data from the Combination Pill of Losartan Potassium and Hydrochlorothiazide for Improvement of Medication Compliance Trial (COMFORT) study.
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At 12 weeks all 3 regimens reduced office-recorded diastolic blood pressure (DBP) with the patient sitting. The mean reduction in group A was 8.7 mm Hg (95% confidence interval [CI] 7.3 to 10.1) (p < 0.001), in group B 12.5 mm Hg (95% CI 11.0 to 14.0) (p < 0.001) and in group C 12.9 mm Hg (95% CI 11.4 to 14.5) (p < 0.001). Losartan alone lowered sitting DBP to a lesser degree than the other 2 treatments (p < 0.01). In contrast, ABPM readings, whether 24-hour, daytime or nighttime, were not different among the regimens. Comparison of the results at 6 weeks yielded similar findings. Adverse effects were uncommon and were not different among the groups, with the exception of ankle edema, which was more frequent in group C.
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The patients were divided into groups with hsCRP levels above and below the median (0.47 mg/L) for the study population. In the total population, 24-hour systolic BP (SBP) (P = 0.03) and daytime SBP (P = 0.01) were significantly higher in the above-median hsCRP group after 8 weeks of treatment. In multivariable regression analysis, baseline hsCRP was a significant determinant of the percentage change in daytime SBP (β = 0.29; P = 0.02) in the total population. In the losartan/HCTZ treatment group, changes in 24-hour SBP, daytime SBP, and diastolic BP were significantly smaller in the above-median hsCRP group than the below-median hsCRP group, whereas the amlodipine group did not show these differences.
Physicians prescribed Lo/HCTZ for patients with hypertension who failed to achieve target BP values of < 140/90 mmHg and < 130/80 mmHg in patients with diabetes or chronic kidney disease, respectively, with antihypertensive drugs including an angiotensin receptor blocker.
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Of 60 patients with a mean BP of 173.3 ± 1.7/98.4 ± 1.2 mmHg, 59 were randomized to losartan + HCTZ (n = 32) or bisoprolol + HCTZ (n = 27). Amlodipine was added if target BP was not achieved at 1 month, and doxazosin was added if target BP was not achieved after 3 months. Body mass index, office and 24-hour ambulatory BP, pulse wave velocity (carotid-femoral [PWVE] and radial [PWVM]), noninvasive central systolic BP, augmentation index (AIx), laboratory investigations, and electrocardiography were done at baseline and after 6 months of treatment.
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Fifty-nine hypertensive patients were allocated to a combination therapy with either losartan (50 mg/day)/HCTZ (12.5 mg/day) (LOS + HCTZ group: n = 37) or telmisartan (40 mg/day)/HCTZ (12.5 mg/day) (TEL + HCTZ group: n = 22), respectively. Before and 1 year after the treatment, blood pressure and biochemical parameters of blood and urine were evaluated.
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This Web-based system may provide useful information when a new drug is first released into the market. Treatment with Lo/HCTZ enabled a substantial proportion of hypertensive patients to achieve the recommended goal of < 140/90 mmHg.
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To survey the prevalence of hyperuricacidemia and serum uric acid (SUA) changes and electrolyte changes after 6 weeks antihypertensive treatment with thiazide diuretics, losartan or losartan+hydrochlorothiazide (Hyzaar) in patients with essential hypertension (EH).
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A significant decrease in systolic and diastolic BP was observed in both clinic and home measurement after switching from the previous treatment to LOS/HCTZ. There was a significant decrease in both B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and urinary albumin creatinine (Cr) excretion ratio (ACR), especially in patients with elevated values. In contrast, there was a significant increase in serum Cr concentration in conjunction with a decrease in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Overall serum uric acid (UA) concentration increased, whereas in patients with hyperuricemia there was a significant reduction in this value.
Achieving adequate blood pressure (BP) control often requires more than one antihypertensive agent. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a fixed-dose formulation of losartan (LOS) plus hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) (LOS/HCTZ) is effective in achieving a greater BP lowering in patients with uncontrolled hypertension.
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Lo/HTCZ is safe and effective in reducing and improving BP control in a 'real world' setting. Treatment with Lo/HTCZ enabled a substantial proportion of hypertensive patients with associated diseases to achieve the recommended goal of <140 mm Hg.
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In order to achieve target blood pressure levels to prevent cardiovascular disease, combination therapy of antihypertensive drugs is often required, although it is thought that requiring a patient to take many different pills would reduce adherence to the medication regimen. Whether antihypertensive treatment with a single pill combining antihypertensive drugs would improve medication adherence and blood pressure control was investigated.
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In patients with diabetes, sodium reabsorption in the renal tubules is enhanced, which leads to the development of salt-sensitive hypertension. Therefore, the concurrent use of a diuretic that promotes sodium excretion can increase the antihypertensive effects of other drugs. This study demonstrated that switching from high-dose ARB treatment to losartan/hydrochlorothiazide combination therapy results in significant control of blood pressure.
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To analyse recent data on the treatment of arterial hypertension (AH) with other risk factors (RF) of cerebral stroke in the Russian Federation, assessment of effects of antihypertensive treatment with a combined drug Hyzaar on the risk of cardiovascular complications (including cerebral stroke), on affection of target organs and metabolic factors of atherosclerosis.
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