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Lasix (Furosemide)

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Lasix is a highly effective FDA approved medication for the treatment of excessive edema (fluid retention) due to kidney disorder (nephrotic syndrome), heart failure, cirrhosis and liver disease. It is also used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). Lasix works by regulating the way in which the body absorbs salts.

Other names for this medication:

Similar Products:
Bumex, Edecrin, Demadex, Sodium Edecrin, Fluss 40


Also known as:  Furosemide.


Lasix prevents excessive edema (fluid retention) in people with kidney disorder (nephrotic syndrome), heart failure, cirrhosis and liver disease. It is also used for the treatment of high blood pressure (hypertension), high levels of potassium (hyperkalemia), calcium (hypercalcemia), and magnesium (hypermagnesemia).

The active component, Furosemide, is a potent loop diuretic (water pill) that eliminates water and salt from the body. Furosemide works by blocking the absorption of sodium, chloride, and water from the filtered fluid in the kidney tubules, causing a profound increase in the output of urine (diuresis).

Lasix starts to act within one hour after oral administration, and the effect lasts for about 6-8 hours.


Lasix is available in tablets which should be taken orally with a full glass of water.

The dosage of Lasix depends on the body weight and on the health status of the recipient.

Take Lasix at the same time once a day.

Do not take more than your recommended dose, as high doses of furosemide may cause irreversible hearing loss.

Do not crush or chew the tablet.

To achieve the most effective results, do not stop taking Lasix suddenly.


In case of a Lasix overdose visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Symptoms of a Lasix overdose include fainting, tinnitus, confusion, weakness, lightheadedness, lack of appetite.


Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture, light and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Lasix are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not take Lasix if you are allergic to any of its components or if you are unable to urinate.

Do not take Lasix if you are pregnant, plan to have a baby, or you are breastfeeding.

Do not take Lasix if you suffer from or have a history of kidney disease, cirrhosis or other liver disease, gout, lupus or diabetes.

Do not take Lasix if you suffer from enlarged prostate, bladder obstruction or other urination problems, or an electrolyte imbalance (such as low levels of potassium or magnesium in your blood).

Do not take Lasix if you suffer from high cholesterol or triglycerides (a type of fat in the blood).

Use Lasix with care if you are taking indomethacin (such as Indocin); steroids (such as prednisone); diabetes medicines; diet pills; sucralfate (such as Carafate); netilmicin (such as Netromycin); amikacin (such as Amikin); streptomycin; tobramycin (such as Nebcin, Tobi); gentamicin (such as Garamycin); digoxin (such as Lanoxin); blood pressure medicines; salicylates (such as aspirin, Tricosal, Disalcid, Dolobid, Salflex, Doan's Pills); cold medicines; lithium (such as Lithobid, Eskalith), ethacrynic acid (such as Edecrin); probenecid (such as Benemid).

This medicine can make your skin more sensitive to the sunlight. Try to protect your skin where possible.

Avoid becoming dehydrated.

If you are going to have surgery, inform your doctor that you are taking Lasix.

Do not stop taking Lasix suddenly.

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Furosemide and KCl treatments showed significant effect on physiological and biochemical parameters, and LV histopathology of experimental rats. Proteomic analysis indicated 17 differentially expressed proteins. Among them, eight protein spots were identified using peptide mass fingerprinting. In furosemide-treated group, four proteins were upregulated and two proteins were downregulated when compared to 2-DE proteomic profile of control. While in KCl-treated rats, seven proteins were found downregulated.

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We used an algorithm that relies on fractional excretion of urate (FEurate) to evaluate patients with hyponatremia and present 4 illustrative cases.

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Restricted access material (RAM) column containing 25 microm C18 alkyl-diol support was integrated into the sequential injection analysis (SIA) manifold and the SIA-RAM system was tested for direct determination of furosemide in serum. LiChrospher ADS column based on restricted access material is proposed to direct injection of biofluids. The integration of RAM material into SIA enabled creation of a comprehensive on-line sample clean-up technique combined with fluorescence quantitation of analyte. Centrifuged and diluted serum sample was aspirated into the system and loaded onto the column using acetonitrile-water (2:98), pH 2.7. The analyte was retained on the column while proteins contained in the sample were removed to the waste without precipitation and clogging the column. Interfering substances complicating the detection were washed out by acetonitrile-water (15:85), pH 2.7 in the next step. The extracted analyte was eluted by means of acetonitrile-water (25:75), pH 2.3 to the fluorescence detector (emission filter 385 nm). The whole procedure comprising sample pre-treatment, analyte detection and column reconditioning took 20 min. The recoveries of furosemide from serum lay between 101.4 and 103.4% for three concentrations of analyte.

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We discovered 232 cases of extravasation involving 37 agents (in order of frequency): phenytoin, parenteral nutrition, calcium gluconate, potassium chloride, calcium chloride, dopamine, dextrose solutions, epinephrine, sodium bicarbonate, nafcillin, propofol, norepinephrine, mannitol, arginine, promethazine, vancomycin, tetracycline, dobutamine, vasopressin, sodium thiopental, acyclovir, amphotericin, ampicillin, cloxacillin, gentamicin, metronidazole, oxacillin, penicillin, amiodarone, albumin, furosemide, lipids, lorazepam, immunoglobulin, morphine, and sodium valproate. Potential properties contributing to extravasation include the following: pH, osmolarity, diluent, vasoactive properties, and inactive ingredients. Antidotes and supportive care agents used in the management of these cases of extravasation include hyaluronidase, phentolamine, terbutaline, topical anesthetics (such as lidocaine and prilocaine cream), topical antimicrobials (such as silver sulfadiazine and chlorhexidine), topical debridement agents (collagenase ointment), topical steroids, and topical vasodilators (nitroglycerin).

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In order to study the interaction between mechanical-electrical and electrical-mechanical transductions of outer hair cells (OHCs) in vivo, we observed the acoustically induced changes in the electrically evoked otoacoustic emission (EEOAE). One pole of a bipolar electrode was placed in the round window niche and the other pole on the surface of the first cochlear turn in the gerbil. A microphone and a speaker were used to monitor the EEOAE and to deliver an acoustical tone, respectively. It was found that a high sound level acoustical tone enhanced the EEOAE fine structure at frequencies below the acoustical frequency, and suppressed the overall level of the EEOAE at frequencies above the acoustical frequency. In addition, the EEOAE at frequencies approximately one half octave lower than the acoustical frequencies were relatively more enhanced or showed relatively less suppression than at other frequencies. The amplitudes of these changes had a positive relationship with acoustical tone levels. Furosemide eliminated the acoustically caused EEOAE change indicating that the acoustically caused change in the EEOAE is a phenomenon of the normal cochlea. One possible mechanism for the results is that the electrically and acoustically evoked basilar membrane (BM) vibrations interact at the EEOAE generation site and change the local mechanical and electrical properties. The second possible mechanism is that the acoustical stimulus creates an impedance discontinuity at its characteristic frequency location leading to a change in the reflected electrically evoked traveling wave, which may enhance or suppress the EEOAE by the vector summation of two waves.

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To describe pulmonary transit time (nPTT) and myocardial perfusion (nMP) normalised to heart rate in dogs with stable ACVIM stage C myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) and to assess short-term effects of pimobendan on these variables. We hypothesised that nPTT and nMP would increase in dogs with MMVD compared with normal dogs. Additionally, we hypothesised that treatment with pimobendan would decrease nMP and nPTT in dogs with MMVD.

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Sensations arising from the bladder induce combined activation of sympathetic skin responses and pelvic floor activity. This coherence indicates synchronized activation and inactivation of the autonomic and somatic pathways necessary for appropriate urine storage and coordinated voiding. Our observations may introduce a new approach for objectively assessing subjective sensations arising from the urinary tract.

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A 63-year-old man with a history of chronic renal impairment on a stable dosage of simvastatin developed rhabdomyolysis after the addition of ranolazine to his medication regimen.

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Inner ear hair cells detect environmental signals associated with hearing, balance, and body orientation. In humans and other mammals, significant hair cell loss leads to irreversible hearing and balance deficits, whereas hair cell loss in nonmammalian vertebrates is repaired by the spontaneous generation of replacement hair cells. Research in mammalian hair cell regeneration is hampered by the lack of in vivo damage models for the adult mouse inner ear and the paucity of cell-type-specific markers for non-sensory cells within the sensory receptor epithelia. The present study delineates a protocol to drug damage the adult mouse auditory epithelium (organ of Corti) in situ and uses this protocol to investigate Sox2 and Jagged1 expression in damaged inner ear sensory epithelia. In other tissues, the transcription factor Sox2 and a ligand member of the Notch signaling pathway, Jagged1, are involved in regenerative processes. Both are involved in early inner ear development and are expressed in developing support cells, but little is known about their expressions in the adult. We describe a nonsurgical technique for inducing hair cell damage in adult mouse organ of Corti by a single high-dose injection of the aminoglycoside kanamycin followed by a single injection of the loop diuretic furosemide. This drug combination causes the rapid death of outer hair cells throughout the cochlea. Using immunocytochemical techniques, Sox2 is shown to be expressed specifically in support cells in normal adult mouse inner ear and is not affected by drug damage. Sox2 is absent from auditory hair cells, but is expressed in a subset of vestibular hair cells. Double-labeling experiments with Sox2 and calbindin suggest Sox2-positive hair cells are Type II. Jagged1 is also expressed in support cells in the adult ear and is not affected by drug damage. Sox2 and Jagged1 may be involved in the maintenance of support cells in adult mouse inner ear.

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Vascular endothelial cells have been shown to contain atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)-sensitive Na-K-Cl cotransport system whose activity is regulated by intracellular cGMP levels. Addition of ANP to culture medium stimulated 86Rb+ uptake in bovine endothelial cells with a concomitant increase in cGMP contents. This action of ANP was mimicked by 8-bromo-cGMP and completely diminished by furosemide. These results indicate that ANP selectively activates the Na-K-Cl cotransporter in vascular endothelial cells via cGMP and offer new insight into the physiological significance of endothelial ANP receptors.

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A 41-year-old man with pre-existing cardiac and renal dysfunction (for which his regular medications included furosemide) presumed secondary to a viral myocarditis developed acute sensorineural hearing loss 5 days after commencing treatment with indomethacin 25 mg tds for acute gout. His hearing loss was preceded by the development of tinnitus and failed to recover.

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Of the 2,021 long-term care residents evaluated, 498 (25%) were receiving an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor. Of the 498 residents receiving acetylcholinesterase inhibitor therapy, 103 (20.7%) were receiving concurrent medications with anticholinergic activity. The most commonly prescribed medication with anticholinergic activity was furosemide, an agent with "possible" or low anticholinergic effects. One hundred forty-six medications with anticholinergic activity were used in these 103 residents. Overall, adjustments to the agents with anticholinergic activity were completed in 24 (16.4%) cases. The majority of medications prescribed had "possible" anticholinergic activity (62.3%) compared with those prescribed with "definite" anticholinergic activity (37.7%). No medication dose adjustments or discontinuations were frequent, regardless of whether the medication was deemed to have "definite" (29.1%) or "possible" (31.9%) anticholinergic activity. Medication changes or discontinuations occurred in 13 (23.6%) agents with "definite" and 11 (12.1%) agents with "possible" anticholinergic activity.

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Despite their risk, QT-prolonging drugs are widely prescribed to hospitalized older persons. The curriculum for both practicing physicians and medical students should be strengthened to provide more education on the appropriate use of drugs in order to improve the management of hospitalized older people.

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We herein describe a new technique for the assessment of the clinically significant obstructed renal unit. The diuretic ultrasound utilizes the noninvasive, high resolution ultrasound unit in combination with diuresis induction with furosemide to assess renal collecting system obstruction.

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Furosemide bolus injection can reduce diuresis onset time compared to furosemide infusion.

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None of the 57 dogs developed SHC during the study period. Forty-seven of 57 (82%) dogs had complete remission of lymphoma. Other adverse effects were uncommon and self-limiting; no dogs had myelosuppression, and only 5 had mild gastrointestinal effects. Incidence of SHC was significantly lower than that reported for historical control dogs that received cyclophosphamide as a single dose without furosemide (24/219) and was not significantly different from that for historical control dogs that received cyclophosphamide as a single dose with furosemide (2/139).

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We used the standard search method of the Cochrane Neonatal Review Group. We used the following keywords: ¿ or ¿ and , limited to and limited to or . We searched Medline (1966-1998), Embase (1974-1998) and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (CCTR) from the Cochrane Library (1998, Issue 4). In addition, we hand searched several abstract books of national and international American and European Societies.

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One hundred consecutive patients were evaluated. The average age was 20.8 months and weight was 9.5 kg. Sixty-two patients had heart disease (HD), 29 had chronic lung disease (CLD), and 9 had other conditions. The initial dose was 1.8 +/- 0.7 mg/kg/day. Patients with CLD received a higher dose than those with HD (2 +/- 0.8 vs 1.7 +/- 0.5 mg/kg/day; p = 0.04). Sixty-six patients received furosemide and 37 received thiazides (12 received both). The average potassium concentration after initiation was 4.3 +/- 0.8 mEq/L, with higher values in patients with CLD versus HD (4.7 +/- 0.7 vs 4.2 +/- 0.7 mEq/L; p = 0.007). Twenty-six patients required potassium supplementation, including 16 with CLD and 8 with HD; no other adverse effects were noted. Average length of treatment was 16 days, with a length of stay of 38 days. Of the 92 patients surviving to discharge, 66 continued on spironolactone.

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In a model of peripherally induced inflammatory pain in rats, selective inhibitors of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 raised nociceptive thresholds above basal values, an effect referred to as "hypoalgesia". However other, non-selective, inhibitors of COX (indomethacin, piroxicam) or a selective inhibitor of COX-1 did not induce hypoalgesia in this model, implying that COX inhibition was not causally related to the hypoalgesic effect. Here, we have assessed whether other COX-2 inhibitors or other sulphonamides, apart from celecoxib could exhibit hypoalgesia in our model of inflammatory pain. Inflammation was induced in one hind paw of rats by intraplantar injection of carrageenan (250 μg). Nociceptive thresholds to mechanical stimulation were measured in the inflamed and contralateral paws for 6 h after carrageenan. Three sulphonamides, celecoxib itself, furosemide (a loop diuretic), acetazolamide (a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor), or a selective COX-2 inhibitor lacking the sulphonamide group, lumiracoxib, were injected s.c., 30 min before the pro-inflammatory stimulus. Naltrexone, a non-selective opioid antagonist was also administered s.c., 30 min before test drugs. Furosemide and acetazolamide dose-dependently induced hypoalgesia in the inflamed paw, as did celecoxib. However, lumiracoxib only produced anti-hyperalgesia. Pre-treatment with naltrexone completely prevented the hypoalgesia induced by the sulphonamides, but only partially prevented the anti-hyperalgesic effect of lumiracoxib. Taken together, our results suggest that the sulphonamide group in the structure of celecoxib is more critical for the development of hypoalgesia in our model than its ability to inhibit COX-2. Further, other sulphonamides lacking significant COX inhibition were also able to exhibit hypoalgesic effects, mediated by the endogenous opioid system.

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In patients with cirrhosis and type 1 hepatorenal syndrome (HRS), systemic vasodilation, which is mainly attributable to splanchnic vasodilation, plays a critical role in the activation of endogenous vasoconstrictor systems, resulting in renal vasoconstriction and functional renal failure. It has been suggested that the use of splanchnic (and systemic) vasoconstrictors such as terlipressin (a vasopressin analog) or alpha-1-adrenoceptor agonists (midodrine or noradrenaline) may improve renal function in patients with type 1 HRS. Six studies (with only one randomized study in a small series of patients) have shown that terlipressin improves renal function in these patients. However, there is evidence that terlipressin alone may be less effective than terlipressin combined with intravenous albumin in improving renal function. Future randomized studies should confirm this difference and evaluate the impact of terlipressin therapy (with or without intravenous albumin) on survival. Interestingly, in nonrandomized studies, the use of alpha-1 agonists combined with other therapies (octreotide and albumin for midodrine; furosemide and albumin for noradrenaline) has been shown to improve renal function in patients with type 1 HRS. The efficacy and safety of combined therapies including alpha-1 agonists should be confirmed in randomized studies. Finally, preliminary evidence suggests that vasoconstrictor administration may be a novel therapeutic approach targeting vasodilation involved in the mechanism of: (1) renal failure in type 2 HRS; (2) paracentesis-induced circulatory dysfunction; and (3) arterial hypotension induced by byproducts of gram-negative bacteria. Further studies are needed in all these fields.

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AA1R activity contributes substantially to renal vascular tone in ambulatory patients with chronic congestive heart failure and impaired kidney function. Blockade of these receptors vasodilates the kidney and increases GFR. The increase in GFR seems to persist several days longer than predicted by pharmacokinetics, suggesting a resetting of one or more controllers among the complex network of physical and biological processes that interact to determine the kidney function. There may be short- or long-term benefits of using AA1R antagonists to improve kidney function in patients with congestive heart failure.

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Two authors independently assessed study quality and extracted data. Results were expressed as relative risk (RR) for dichotomous outcomes and mean difference (MD) or standardised mean difference (SMD) for continuous data with 95% confidence intervals (CI).

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To determine if indomethacin antagonizes the effect of intraluminal furosemide, superficial loop segments were microperfused from latest proximal to earliest distal tubules at 20 nl/min with 10(-5) M furosemide in rats treated with indomethacin or vehicle. Base-line loop chloride reabsorption was determined in the presence and absence of indomethacin in a third and fourth group perfused with a similar solution with furosemide omitted. Arterial pressure, whole kidney inulin clearance and urinary chloride excretion were not different among groups. Fractional loop chloride reabsorption was less (P less than .05) in vehicle-treated rats perfused with furosemide than in time control rats perfused without furosemide (30.8 +/- 2.8 vs. 50.3 +/- 2.8%). Fractional chloride reabsorption was greater (P less than .05) in furosemide-perfused loops of indomethacin-treated rats than furosemide-perfused loops of vehicle-treated rats (44.2 +/- 1.9 vs. 30.8 +/- 2.8%). Addition of 10(-4) M prostaglandin E2 to perfusate did not potentiate furosemide's effect in vehicle-treated rats but restored furosemide's potency in indomethacin-treated rats. Thus, indomethacin had no effect on base-line loop chloride uptake but attenuated furosemide's luminal effect. This response could be reversed by luminal prostaglandin E2. This study demonstrates that indomethacin antagonizes furosemide's tubular effects in the absence of furosemide-induced vasodilatation.

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Refractory ascites reduces the quality of life of liver cirrhosis patients. Albumin preparation and diuretics, such as furosemide, have been used to treat refractory ascites, but the effect was poor in many patients. In this study, we analyzed patients treated with tolvaptan (TLV) at our hospital and investigated predictors of the effect.

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Plasma atrial natriuretic peptide levels in the nonmaze group significantly increased after operation. In contrast, plasma atrial natriuretic peptide levels in the maze group did not increase, and these levels were significantly lower than in the nonmaze group. Although significantly greater doses of furosemide and dopamine were administered to the maze group than to the nonmaze group, the body fluid balance in the maze group was comparable with that in the nonmaze group in the early postoperative period. The response of atrial natriuretic peptide secretion by exercise was significantly attenuated in the maze group (n = 12) compared with the nonmaze group (n = 9) even 2 years after surgery, although there were no significant differences in heart rate or blood pressure during exercise between two groups.

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Urodynamics have been traditionally recorded in anesthetized or conscious animals implanted with a bladder catheter that is used to artificially fill the bladder while measuring intravesicular bladder pressure. Anesthesia alters the urodynamics and in the conscious state this methodology requires that the dogs be tethered/restrained, which evokes stress and limits the period of continuous urodynamic assessment. A more physiological and chronic method of evaluating pharmacological responses on urodynamics is necessary.

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In order to clarify debated issues of the medical treatment of ascites in cirrhosis--the usefulness of a low sodium diet and washout period preceding diuretic administration, maximal dosage of antimineralocorticoid to be reached before the addition of a loop diuretic, identifications of factors influencing treatment efficacy--115 hospitalized patients with non-azotemic cirrhosis and ascites were recruited and randomized to receive a diet providing either 40 or 120 mmol of sodium daily. After a washout period from the outpatient diuretic regimen for 7 days (Step 1), increasing dosages of K-canrenoate (200 mg/day every 4th day up to 600 mg) were administered to patients not undergoing spontaneous diuresis (Step 2). Upon the failure of Step 2, K-canrenoate (400 mg/day) and furosemide at increasing dosage (25-50-100 mg every other day) were given (Step 3). Nine percent of patients underwent spontaneous diuresis, and 77% developed a negative sodium balance by the end of Step 2 (69% with a dosage of K-canrenoate < or = 400 mg/day) and 93% by the end of Step 3. Two patients were withdrawn from the protocol due to diuretic side-effects. Univariate analysis showed that the type of diet did not influence the response to treatment. The washout period led to a significant increase in endogenous creatinine clearance; natremia significantly rose in hyponatremic patients. Multivariate analysis showed that creatinine clearance and plasma aldosterone were independent predictive factors of the response to treatment.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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lasix normal dosage 2016-09-03

We only included trials in which preterm infants with RDS and less than 5 days of age were randomly allocated to diuretic administration. Of buy lasix those trials, we only included studies in which at least one of the following outcomes measures was evaluated: mortality, patent ductus arteriosus, hypovolemic shock, intraventricular hemorrhage, renal failure, duration of oxygen supplementation, duration of mechanical ventilation, need for oxygen supplementation at 28 days of life, oxygen supplementation at 36 weeks of postconceptional age (gestational age + postnatal age), length of stay, number of rehospitalizations during the first year of life, and neurodevelopmental outcome.

lasix generic 2015-09-02

Recent evidence suggests that apical membrane Cl--oxalate exchange plays a major role in mediating Cl- absorption in the renal proximal tubule. To sustain steady-state Cl- absorption by a mechanism of exchange for intracellular oxalate requires the presence of one or more pathways for recycling oxalate from lumen to cell. Accordingly, we evaluated the mechanisms of oxalate transport in luminal membrane vesicles isolated from the rabbit renal cortex. We found that transport of oxalate by Na+ cotransport is negligible compared to the transport of sulfate. In contrast, we demonstrated that oxalate shares the electroneutral pathway mediating Na+-independent sulfate-carbonate exchange. We also demonstrated the presence of OH--oxalate exchange (indistinguishable from H+-oxalate cotransport). The process of OH--oxalate exchange was electrogenic and partially inhibited by Cl-, indicating that it occurs, at least in part, as a mode of the Cl--oxalate exchanger described previously. An buy lasix additional component of OH--oxalate exchange was insensitive to inhibition by either Cl- or sulfate, suggesting that it takes place by neither the Cl--oxalate exchanger nor the sulfate-carbonate exchanger. We conclude that multiple anion exchange mechanisms exist by which oxalate can recycle from lumen to cell to sustain Cl- absorption occurring via apical membrane Cl--oxalate exchange in the renal proximal tubule.

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The relationship between baseline serum creatinine (exposure variable) and the risk of diuretic-related WRF (dichotomous outcome variable), expressed either as WRF-Cr or as WRF-GFR, was assessed by logistic regression analysis. For this purpose, medical records with a diagnosis of previous ADHF were collated, and retrospectively analyzed. The eGFR buy lasix was calculated using the equation "Modification of Diet in Renal Disease" (MDRD). The WRF was inferred from measurements of serum creatinine that had been made daily during the scheduled courses of intravenous diuretic therapy.

lasix 500 mg 2017-03-31

In a controlled double-blind randomized clinical trial, the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of 20 mg torasemide (1-isopropyl-3-([4-(3-methyl-phenylamino)pyridine]-3-sulfonyl)urea) (n = 10) and 40 mg furosemide (n = 9) were compared over 24 h after single oral administration to patients with ascites due to cirrhosis of the liver. The overall 24-h excretion of volume and sodium was not significantly different between patients receiving buy lasix torasemide or furosemide. The diuretic effect of torasemide, however, was longer in duration than that of furosemide. This was in accordance with the pharmacokinetic behaviour of torasemide and furosemide. The serum elimination half-life of torasemide was longer (4.8 h) than that of furosemide (2.2 h) in these patients and also longer than that in healthy volunteers (3 h). The areas under the serum concentration-time curves for torasemide were higher than in healthy subjects by a factor of 2.5. In parallel with the considerably delayed formation of the diuretically inactive metabolite M5, which is formed via the diuretically active metabolite M1, the serum concentration of M1 was increased in these patients. However, the overall excretion of torasemide and the different metabolites was similar compared to healthy volunteers. These results indicate that the pharmacokinetics and metabolism of torasemide depend on liver function. No adverse reaction were experienced in either group.

lasix generic brand 2017-02-19

Horses were allocated to race fields of 9 to 16 horses each and raced twice, 1 week apart, with each of the 2 races consisting of the same race field and distance. Each horse received furosemide (500 mg, IV) before one race and a placebo (saline solution) before the other, with the order of treatments randomly determined. Severity of EIPH was scored on a scale from 0 to 4 after buy lasix each race by means of tracheobronchoscopy. Data were analyzed by means of various methods of multivariable logistic regression.

lasix gtt dose 2017-01-08

To estimate the frequency of and to buy lasix characterize the adverse drug events at a terciary care hospital.

lasix mg 2016-03-28

To develop a buy lasix sodium-MRI ((23) Na-MRI) method for bilateral renal sodium concentration (RSC) measurements in rat kidneys at 9.4 Tesla (T).

lasix 8 mg 2017-10-27

Toxic epidermal necrolysis ( buy lasix TEN) is one of the most threatening adverse reactions to various drugs. No case of concomitant occurrence TEN and severe granulocytopenia following the treatment with cefuroxime has been reported to date. Herein we present a case of TEN that developed eighteen days of the initiation of cefuroxime axetil therapy for urinary tract infection in a 73-year-old woman with chronic renal failure and no previous history of allergic diathesis. The condition was associated with severe granulocytopenia and followed by gastrointestinal hemorrhage, severe sepsis and multiple organ failure syndrome development. Despite intensive medical treatment the patient died. The present report underlines the potential of cefuroxime to simultaneously induce life threatening adverse effects such as TEN and severe granulocytopenia. Further on, because the patient was also taking furosemide for chronic renal failure, the possible unfavorable interactions between the two drugs could be hypothesized. Therefore, awareness of the possible drug interaction is necessary, especially when given in conditions of their altered pharmacokinetics as in case of chronic renal failure.

lasix oral medication 2015-03-15

A 20 year old, previously healthy woman presented with a four week history of progressive oedema of the legs and the buy lasix eyelids and a weight gain of 10 kg.

lasix 5 mg 2015-06-18

After axotomy, application of muscimol, a GABA(A) receptor agonist, induced an increase in intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) in dorsal motor neurons of the vagus (DMV neurons). Elevation of [Ca(2+)](i) by muscimol was blocked by bicuculline, tetrodotoxin, and Ni(2+). In axotomized DMV neurons measured with gramicidin perforated-patch recordings, reversal potentials of the GABA(A) receptor-mediated response, presumably equal to the equilibrium potential of Cl(-), were more depolarized than that in intact neurons. Thus, GABA(A) receptor-mediated excitation is suggested to be attributable to Cl(-) efflux out of the cell because of increased intracellular Cl(-) concentration ([Cl(-)](i)) in axotomized neurons. Regulation of [Cl(-)](i) in both control and injured neurons was disturbed by furosemide and bumetanide and buy lasix by manipulating cation balance across the membrane, suggesting that functional alteration of furosemide-sensitive cation-Cl(-) cotransporters is responsible for the increase of [Cl(-)](i) after axotomy. In situ hybridization revealed that neuron-specific K(+)-Cl(-) cotransporter (KCC2) mRNA was significantly reduced in the DMV after axotomy compared with that in control neurons. Similar expression of Na(+), K(+)-Cl(-) cotransporter mRNA was observed between axotomized and control DMV neurons. Thus, axotomy led to disruption of [Cl(-)](i) regulation attributable to a decrease of KCC2 expression, elevation of intracellular Cl(-), and an excitatory response to GABA. A switch of GABA action from inhibitory to excitatory might be a mechanism contributing to excitotoxicity in injured neurons.

lasix 20mg cost 2016-05-15

The clinical efficacy of inhalatory furosemide (Fu) has been extensively studied in bronchial asthma patients but there are only a few studies addressing its action on cells participating in the underlying inflammatory process. Therefore, we investigated the effect of Fu on human peripheral blood polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL) at concentrations that can be achieved in the bronchial lining fluid by inhalation, i.e. 10(-5), 10(-4) and 10(-3) M. The influence of Fu on the following PMNL parameters was investigated: intracellular calcium changes ([Ca2+]i) as a part of signal transduction and luminol dependent chemiluminescence (LCL) as an indirect measure of NADPH-oxidase activation upon n-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP) stimulation; chemotaxis to fMLP, phagocytosis and intracellular killing of Staphylococcus aureus. Incubation with Fu resulted in a concentration dependent reduction of Ca2+ influx and Fu (10(-3) M) decreased the main Ca2+ parameters to one half of the control values and to the level obtained in calcium-free buffer. In contrast, Fu had no effect if preincubated with the cells and then removed by washing. The LCL signal was reduced buy lasix by Fu (10(-3) M) from 2000 +/- 870 to 550 +/- 440 arbitrary units [aU] (p<0.05). In contrast to the [Ca2+]i measurements, a slightly diminished LCL was also observed following preincubation with Fu and washing. No effect of Fu was found on phagocytosis and intracellular killing of St. aureus. Fu diminished chemotaxis to fMLP but at 10(-3) M it also displayed weak chemoattractant properties. The differential action of Fu on human PMNL may add to the understanding of its topical and restricted efficacy in bronchial asthma.

lasix 600 mg 2017-08-08

HBAO is a selective antagonist buy lasix of allopregnanolone, a major endogenous positive modulator via neurosteroid sites of cerebellar (probably alpha(6)beta(2-3)delta) GABA(A) receptors.

lasix buy 2017-03-14

Characteristic triphasic profiles of extracellular K+ accumulation were observed in control and depolarized arrested hearts; a significantly attenuated profile with polarized arrested hearts demonstrated reduced extracellular K+ accumulation, correlating with higher postischemic function (recovery of aortic flow was 54% +/-4% [P =.01] compared with 39% +/-3% and 32% +/-3% in depolarized and control hearts, respectively). Glucovance Tablet Furosemide (0.1, 1.0, 10, and 100 micromol/L) modified extracellular K+ accumulation by -18%, -38%, -0.2%, and +9%, respectively, after 30 minutes and by -4%, -27%, +31%, and +42%, respectively, after 5 hours of polarized storage. Recovery of aortic flow was 53% +/-4% (polarized arrest alone), 56% +/-8%, 70% +/-2% (P =.04 vs control), 69% +/-4% (P =.04 vs control), and 65% +/-3% ( P =. 04 vs control), respectively.

lasix 200 mg 2015-07-18

With the exception of diuretic resistance in severe heart failure or renal insufficiency a combination therapy of xipamide with a second diuretic appears Buspar Drug to be associated with an unnecessarily high risk of serious adverse reactions and thus should be avoided. This is especially true for elderly patients.

lasix dose 2017-04-30

Perfusion of the renal medulla and osmotic hypertonicity of its interstitium are the two important features of this zone which can influence body fluid homeostasis, especially arterial blood pressure. Separate manipulation of the two variables is best obtained with the intramedullary infusion of active agents. In this study, a set-up combining the possibility of infusion into the medulla with measurement of local blood flow (MBF, laser-Doppler flux) and extracellular ion concentration (tissue electrical admittance, Y) was used to determine effects of intramedullary indomethacin (Indo) and adenosine (Ado) in anaesthetized rats. Intramedullary Indo, 1 mg kg(-1 )h(-1), significantly increased tissue Y, by 12 +/- 3%, and significantly decreased MBF by 20 +/- 3%. There was also an unexplained increase of sodium excretion (U(Na)V) by 169 +/- 24% and Zithromax Brand of urine flow (V) by 62 +/- 6% (n = 10, both p < 0.03). Intramedullary Ado, 5 microg kg(-1) h(-1), did not alter Y, MBF or U(Na)V, whereas V increased 45 +/- 6% and urine osmolality decreased 25 +/- 4% (both changes significant). Elevation of medullary interstitial Ado to a level that did not alter MBF or U(Na)V induced a moderate defect of urine concentration that was not due to a decrease in ionic medullary hypertonicity.

lasix pill 2017-05-29

Furosemide and acetazolamide are often used concurrently to treat posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus in premature infants with intraventricular hemorrhage. Eleven premature infants with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus were monitored for the development of hypercalciuria during treatment using urine calcium/creatinine (Ca/Cr) ratios (normal: less than or equal to 0.21). Seven of 11 infants (64%) developed hypercalciuria; 5 of those 7 infants had nephrocalcinosis on renal ultrasonography. Infants who developed nephrocalcinosis had urine Ca/Cr ratios of 0.5-4.0. In all 5 infants with nephrocalcinosis, renal calculi decreased and urine Ca/Cr improved Avelox Generic Form after drug therapy was discontinued. The combined use of acetazolamide and furosemide as therapy for posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus places premature infants at high risk for nephrocalcinosis. It is suggested that urine Ca/Cr be monitored closely in infants receiving these drugs and that other treatment modalities be considered when the urine Ca/Cr ratio exceeds 0.21.

lasix water pill 2016-08-28

On the model of circulatory insufficiency and secondary aldosteronism Prograf Capsule in rats it was shown that a new table salt substitute normalizes like spironolactone the extracellular fluid volume whereas furosemide exerts a less marked dehydrating action. The antiedema effect of the substitute of table salt is due to a decrease in drinking activity, an increase in natriuresis, normalization of aldosteronism.

lasix cost 2015-07-09

Dogs were randomly allotted to 4 groups of 5 dogs each as follows: dogs fed a low Na diet (0.08% Na and 0.8% chloride [CI] on a dry matter [DM] basis Motrin Safe Dose ); dogs fed a low Na diet with added NaCl (1.0% Na and 2.2% Cl on a DM basis); dogs fed a low Na diet and treated with furosemide (2 mg/kg of body weight, PO, q 12 h); and dogs fed a low Na diet with added NaCl and treated with furosemide. Plasma electrolyte concentrations were measured on days 0, 21, and 35. Plasma renin activity and aldosterone concentration were analyzed by use of radioimmunoassays on days 0, 21, 35, and 53.

300 mg lasix 2016-07-08

Plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) have been used for the diagnosis of heart disease. The Vasotec Non Generic aim of the study was to investigate differences in secretory responses of plasma ANP and N-terminal proBNP (NT-proBNP) concentrations related to acute changes in preload. Six dogs were anaesthetised and infused intravenously with Ringer's solution (90-100mL/kg/h) for 60 min. Thereafter, furosemide was administered and dogs were monitored for 60 min. Plasma ANP and NT-proBNP concentrations were determined by chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay and enzyme immunoassay, respectively. Volume overload significantly increased plasma ANP and NT-proBNP concentrations (P<0.001); however, preload reduction significantly reduced plasma ANP concentrations (P<0.05) without concurrent changes in plasma NT-proBNP. Mean pulmonary capillary wedge pressures were strongly correlated with plasma ANP concentrations (r=0.53, P<0.001), but not plasma NT-proBNP. Thus, plasma ANP is a useful, non-invasive parameter for measuring rapid haemodynamic changes.

lasix 711 pill 2015-04-04

This was a double-blind, randomized, crossover trial. After a 1-month washout period, 26 patients with type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and albuminuria (>100 mg/day) were randomly assigned to four 2-month treatment periods in random order with placebo, 300 mg aliskiren once daily, 300 mg irbesartan once daily, or Aricept Max Dosage the combination using identical doses. Patients received furosemide in a stable dose throughout the study. The primary end point was a change in albuminuria. Secondary measures included change in 24-h blood pressure and glomerular filtration rate (GFR).

lasix oral dosage 2016-09-01

This prospective Geodon Pediatric Dose study was designed to assess the incidence of nephrocalcinosis in extremely preterm infants exposed to dexamethasone.

lasix 500mg tablet 2015-03-11

Animals show a faster clearance and a lower incidence of nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity when aminoglycosides are administered during the activity period. Human data on a circadian rhythm in pharmacokinetics are conflicting, and there are no data on a circadian rhythm in toxicity. When aminoglycosides are administered once daily, as is often done, a circadian rhythm in pharmacokinetics or toxicity could have clinical implications. In a prospective study we investigated the influence of drug administration time on serum drug levels and the incidence of nephrotoxicity in 221 patients with serious infections treated with gentamicin or tobramycin once daily. We did not find statistically significant differences in trough or peak levels for the three time Anafranil Ocd Medication periods (midnight to 7:30 AM, 8 AM to 3:30 PM, and 4 to 11:30 PM). Nephrotoxicity occurred significantly more frequently when the aminoglycosides were administered during the rest period (midnight to 7:30 AM; p = 0.004). In addition to the coadministration of high-dose furosemide or other nephrotoxic antibiotics and the duration of treatment, the time of administration was still an independent risk factor in a multivariate analysis.

lasix 40mg tab 2017-11-09

Xenobiotics may produce liver damages. Vice versa primary liver diseases influence metabolism and elimination of drugs. The activity of the isoenzymes of the monooxygenase system which catalyze biotransformation reactions in the liver can be tested by model substances (Cyt P-450Pb: Metamizol, Cyt P-450MC: Caffeine, Cyt P-450db1: Debrisoquine). It can be influenced by estrogens, gestagens, smoking, alcohol. Only severe stages of liver diseases reduce Buspar Medication Classification the biotransformation of drugs. Thus in liver cirrhosis the excretion of unchanged furosemide is increased. The bioavailability of propranolol is changed by a reduced first pass effect in liver cirrhosis. In patients with drug hepatitis after dihydralazine 15 out of 17 patients are genetically slow acetylators and they show also a lower activity of phase I cytochrom P-450 catalyzed biotransformation reactions. The same holds true for patients with haemochromatosis. Determination of the 7-ethoxycoumarin-O-deethylase (ECOD) in liver biopsy samples allows the correlation of the decrease in biotransformation with the increase of liver cell necrosis, intraacinous fibrosis and structural changes. Possibly the changes in biotransformation caused by liver diseases are connected with a disturbed regeneration of the liver corresponding to the concept of the "streaming liver".

lasix 20mg tab 2015-01-13

To examine general practitioners' (GPs) prescribing patterns of diuretics with respect Flomax 4 Mg to indications, drugs and doses to reveal possible needs for prescribing audits.

lasix 10 mg 2016-01-02

The determination of the diuretics hydrochlorothiazide, bendroflumethiazide and furosemide by both conventional and thermal lens spectrophotometry (TLS, 100 mW of pump power at 514.5 nm) following previous hydrolysis, diazotization and coupling with N-(naphthyl)ethylenedine (NED) in a sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) micellar medium of pH approximately 1 was studied. p-Aminobenzoic acid (PABA) was used as a model compound to optimize the derivatization procedures. 3-Substituted indoles, such as 5-hydroxyindole-3-acetic acid and tryptophan, gave N-nitroso derivatives which interfered with the determination of the diuretics in urine. The derivatized diuretics in urine were separated using HPLC with a Spherisorb ODS-2 C(18) column, and a 0.1M SDS mobile phase containing 5% n-propanol and 0.001M sodium dihydrogen phosphate (pH 3). The diuretics gave limits of detection (LODs) of ca. 5 x 10(-9)M for the TLS procedure. The LODs were 20-50-fold higher for the corresponding spectrophotometric procedure.

lasix dosage racehorses 2016-12-26

Pubmed, EMBASE and the Cochrane library were systematically searched for randomised and non-randomised studies that compared any 4 line anti-hypertensive agent to spironolactone/eplenerone in RH. Data extraction and quality appraisal were carried out in duplicate. The outcome was change in systolic BP, measured in the office, at home or by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (AMBP). A random effects model was used to pool the data. Statistical heterogeneity was assessed using the I test. Sensitivity analyses were carried out according to study design and method of BP measurement.

lasix 6 mg 2016-07-11

Modified laser-Doppler velocimetry was used to determine the number of different mechanisms regulating single-nephron blood flow. Two oscillations were identified in star vessel blood flow, one at 20-50 mHz and another at 100-200 mHz. Tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) mediates the slower oscillation, and the faster one is probably myogenic in origin. Acute hypertension increased autospectral power in the 20-50 mHz and 100-200 mHz frequency bands to 282 +/- 50 and 248 +/- 64%, respectively, of control even though mean single-nephron blood flow was autoregulated. Mean blood flow increased 24.6 +/- 6.1% when TGF was inhibited by intratubular perfusion with furosemide, and it decreased 42.8 +/- 3.9% when TGF was saturated by tubular perfusion with artificial tubular fluid at high rates. Autospectral power in the low-frequency band decreased 50.5 +/- 9.6% during furosemide and decreased 74.9 +/- 5.9% during TGF saturation, consistent with a TGF origin of the slow oscillation. In contrast, autospectral power of the high-frequency oscillation increased 75.4 +/- 23.9% during TGF inhibition and decreased 35.8 +/- 11% when TGF was saturated, suggesting interactions between the two spontaneously oscillating components in efferent arteriole blood flow.

lasix 2 mg 2017-08-10

Prospective multicenter study.

lasix order 2017-12-23

Five patients with neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) were reported. The edemas were caused by head injuries in four patients and by a craniotomy in the fifth. The onset of NPE was either acute (3 hours after injury) or was slow to develop (4 days later). Clinical symptoms included the sudden onset of coughing, tachypnea, tachycardia, and pink bubbly sputum. Moreover, the patients also suffered cyanosis, confusion, or respiratory failure. The distribution of the resulting pulmonary edema was diffuse in 4 cases and localized within a single lobe of the lung in 1 case. Treatment of the NPE included reducing intracranial pressure (glycerol), diuresis (furosemide and mannitol), narcotics (morphine, phenobarbital), and blocking the peripheral effect of sympathetic reflex activity (hydralazine, sodium nitroprusside). Mechanical ventilation support (CPU-1) in combination with controlled hyperventilation may also be necessary. The inability to correct hypoxemia without toxic levels of oxygen necessitates the use of PEEP (positive end-expiratory pressure, +5-10 cmH2O). Resolution of symptoms was noted 24 to 48 hours after treatment in 4 patients. Early diagnosis and intensive care of the pulmonary edema may have a significant bearing on the recovery of lung functions. Unfortunately, 4 of the patients failed to survive because of central nervous system failure. We therefore want to emphasize that NPE can cause secondary deterioration of neurological functions. In conclusion, when dealing with respiratory distress patients with CNS injuries, the possibility of additional damage from a NPE must be taken into consideration.

lasix daily dosage 2016-05-10

Jejunal segments of male Sprague-Dawley rats were mounted on diffusion chambers, and the permeation of furosemide was measured across the excised tissue in both directions. Studies were repeated using cultured epithelia from adenocarcinoma cells (Caco-2) grown on filter inserts mounted in 6-well plates. Temperature-dependence and chemical inhibition by indomethacin was also tested using the cell culture model.