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Luvox

Generic Luvox is an effective medication which is used in treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder. The effectiveness of Generic Luvox is in affecting chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause obsessive-compulsive symptoms. It is selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs).

Other names for this medication:

Similar Products:
Lexapro, Celexa, Paxil, Desyrel, Cymbalta

 

Also known as:  Fluvoxamine.

Description

Generic Luvox target is struggle against obsessive-compulsive disorder.

The effectiveness of Generic Luvox is in affecting chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause obsessive-compulsive symptoms. It is selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs).

Luvox is also known as Fluvoxamine, Dumirox, Faverin, Fevarin, Floxyfral, Fluvohexal, Fluvoxin, Movox.

Generic name of Generic Luvox is Fluvoxamine.

Brand name of Generic Luvox is Luvox.

Dosage

Do not crush or chew it.

Take Generic Luvox at the same time once or twice times a day with water.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Generic Luvox suddenly.

Overdose

If you overdose Generic Luvox and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Generic Luvox symptoms of overdosage: blurred vision, rapid heartbeat, trouble breathing, feeling drowsy, coma, nausea, vomiting, lack of coordination, fainting.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Protect from humidity. Keep container tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Luvox are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Do not take Generic Luvox if you are allergic to Generic Luvox components.

Do not take Generic Luvox if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother.

Be careful with Generic Luvox if you suffer from or have a history of seizures, or heart, kidney, adrenal, or liver disease.

Be careful with Generic Luvox if you are going to have a surgery.

Be careful using Generic Luvox if you take anticoagulants ('blood thinners') such as warfarin (Coumadin); buspirone (Buspar); carbamazepine (Tegretol); clozapine (Clozaril); cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandimmune); dextromethorphan (in cough medications); diazepam (Valium); diltiazem (Cardizem); diuretics ('water pills'); haloperidol (Haldollithium; medications for depression; medications for migraine headaches such as almotriptan (Axert), eletriptan (Relpax), frovatriptan (Frova), naratriptan (Amerge), rizatriptan (Maxalt), and zolmitriptan (Zomig); methadone; midazolam (Versed); phenytoin (Dilantin); theophylline (TheoDur); and triazolam (Halcion), alprazolam (Xanax); ); heart medications; sumatriptan (Imitrex).

Avoid alcohol.

Avoid machine driving.

Do not stop taking Generic Luvox suddenly.

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SSRIs decreased the TNF-alpha-induced endothelial expression of VCAM-1 at concentration range 10(-7) M to 10(-4) M (p<0.05). ICAM-1 expression was decreased in the presence of fluvoxamine and fluoxetine at concentrations from 10(-7) M to 10(-4) M (p<0.05) and in the presence of citalopram at concentrations from 10(-7) M to 10(-5) M (p<0.05). All SSRIs inhibited the TNF-alpha-stimulated adhesiveness to U937 cells at 10(-5) M and 10(-4) M (p<0.05). Compared to baseline, there was a greater reduction in ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 levels post-sertaline than post placebo in heart failure patients (p<0.05).

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The pharmacokinetics of drugs with specific binding sites in the brain needs to be evaluated at these sites. In this study, we measured the time course of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor fluvoxamine in the human brain based on serotonin transporter (5-HTT) occupancy by positron emission tomography. Consecutive positron emission tomography scans were performed using [11C]3-amino-4-(2-dimethylaminomethyl-phenylsulfanyl)-benzonitrile before, 5 hours, 26 hours, and 53 hours after 50 mg of fluvoxamine administration in 6 healthy male volunteers (mean, 24.3 +/- 4.8 years). Quantification was performed using the multilinear reference tissue model 2. Mean 5-HTT occupancies were 72.9% +/- 4.9% at 5 hours, 50.3% +/- 11.0% at 26 hours, and 24.7% +/- 15.3% at 53 hours, and plasma concentrations were 13.9 +/- 5.5 ng/mL at 5 hours, 5.1 +/- 3.2 ng/mL at 26 hours, and 1.5 +/- 1.7 ng/mL at 53 hours. The relationship between the plasma concentration of fluvoxamine and 5-HTT occupancy at these different time points was fitted to the law of mass action.

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The number of ADs taken by an individual was negatively correlated with the SS (r=-.074, p=.011). SS did not correlate with demographic features. SS was similar among the four subgroups but their satisfaction reasons differed. Predictors of higher SS (SS=5.0 versus 4.0) were reporting "efficacy" and "fewer side effects" as satisfaction reasons.

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Chronic pain is often intractable to analgesics, and in animals it involves a conditioned nociceptive response (CR) - learned pain. The neural pathways of nociception and olfactory function in the brain overlap. The influence of olfactory stimuli on acute pain has been studied in some depth in animal and human models, but the influence of olfactory stimuli on learned pain has not been understood. We examined the effects of analgesic drugs and olfactory stimulants (preferred or repellent odor) on acute pain, the unconditioned nociceptive response (UCR) and the CR in mice. The CR was provoked by repeated injection of formalin into the hind-paw in animals in the same context, which elicited the typical pain behaviors of paw licking (including biting). The analgesic drugs acetaminophen, fentanyl, gabapentin and fluvoxamine diminished the UCR but did not affect the CR. In contrast, the preferred odor reduced both the UCR and the CR. Our findings suggest that, like chronic pain, the CR is resistant to analgesic drugs and that preferred odor suppress the neural pathways that mediate the CR of pain perception.

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Information regarding the long-term effectiveness of the combination of pharmacotherapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is limited. Our study is the first to examine the long-term effectiveness of cognitive therapy (CT) and to compare long-term effectiveness of CT alone, exposure in vivo with response prevention (ERP) alone, and CBT (either CT or ERP) in combination with fluvoxamine in the treatment of OCD.

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Metabolism of clozapine is complex and not fully understood. Pharmacokinetic interactions with other drugs have been described but, in some cases, their mechanism is unknown.

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The present study compared the effects of a wide range of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)-modulating and potential anxiolytic agents in the rat elevated plus-maze using spatiotemporal (i.e., open arm time and entries) and ethologically derived measures (i.e., risk assessment activities and directed exploration). The drugs used were 5-HT1A receptor partial (buspirone and ipsapirone) and full (8-OH-DPAT and flesinoxan) agonists, mixed 5-HT2A/2C receptor antagonists (ritanserin, ketanserin, mianserin, and pirenperone), selective 5-HT3 receptor antagonists (ICS 205-930, MDL 72222, ondansetron, and (RS)-zacopride), and selective (fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, and zimelidine) and nonselective (imipramine) 5-HT reuptake inhibitors. Only buspirone and mianserin produced effects indicative of an anxiolytic-like action on the spatiotemporal measures. However, all 5-HT1A receptor ligands, as well as mianserin, ketanserin, ondansetron, and zacopride, decreased the number of aborted attempts at entry into open arms (risk assessment). In addition, buspirone, mianserin, and zacopride increased head-dipping (directed exploration). Among the 5-HT reuptake inhibitors, zimelidine reduced head-dipping and total entries. The present findings demonstrate that risk assessment responses are sensitive to the action of 5-HT1A receptor ligands, but their modulation by drugs targetting 5-HT2A, 5-HT2C, and 5-HT3 receptors was not convincingly established.

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Dysfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has been reported in patients with psychotic major depression (PMD), and a higher rate of cortisol hypersecretion is observed in PMD than in nonpsychotic patients. Approximately 19% of patients who meet the criteria for major depressive disorder (MDD) have psychotic features. Accumulated studies have indicated that repeated corticosterone (CORT) injections induce depressive behavioral and neurochemical manifestations in rodents. However, the pharmacological characterization of this model has not been fully established. In the present study, we investigated the pharmacological characteristics of this model. Rats received CORT injections (20 mg/kg, subcutaneously), once per day for 21 consecutive days prior to a behavioral test. The rats were then tested for depressive behavior using a forced swimming test. The repeated CORT injections increased the immobility time in the forced swimming test, indicating an increase in depressive-like behavior. An acute treatment with a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist, mifepristone, counteracted the depressive-like behavior. In contrast, an acute treatment with a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), fluvoxamine, and a tricyclic antidepressant (TCA), imipramine, did not have any effect on this condition, while a combination of fluvoxamine and risperidone exerted an antidepressant-like effect. This observation is of interest in the light of the clinical findings that a combination of antidepressants and antipsychotics, but not SSRIs and TCAs, is effective for the treatment of patients with PMD. Based on previous findings and the present results, this model could be used as an animal model of PMD and may be useful for evaluating the antidepressant-like potential of compounds targeting the HPA axis.

luvox patient reviews

On average, fluvoxamine increased the total area under the concentration-time curve [AUC(0- infinity )] of tizanidine 33-fold (range, 14-fold to 103-fold; P =.000002) and the peak plasma concentration 12-fold (range, 5-fold to 32-fold; P =.000001). The mean elimination half-life of tizanidine was prolonged from 1.5 to 4.3 hours (P =.00004) by fluvoxamine. The AUC(0- infinity ) of tizanidine and its increase by fluvoxamine correlated with the caffeine/paraxanthine ratio and its increase, respectively (P <.03). All pharmacodynamic variables revealed a significant difference between the fluvoxamine and placebo phases, eg, in the maximal effects on systolic blood pressure (-35 mm Hg, P =.000009), diastolic blood pressure (-20 mm Hg, P =.00002), heart rate (-4 beats/min, P =.007), Digit Symbol Substitution Test (P =.0003), subjective drug effect (P =.0000001), and drowsiness (P =.0002). In particular, the decrease in systolic blood pressure, to the level of 80 mm Hg or even less, was an alarming finding.

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Improving knowledge about the cytochrome p450 system means that potential drug interactions can be predicted. Interactions involving warfarin may be thus avoidable. As many patients who have suffered from a stroke or other thromboembolic events may also develop psychiatric disorder, knowledge about possible interactions with psychotropics is essential for prescribers.

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To determine whether duloxetine is a substrate, inhibitor or inducer of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2 enzyme, using in vitro and in vivo studies in humans.

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The objective of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness of SSRIs in reducing premenstrual syndrome symptoms in women diagnosed with severe premenstrual syndrome.

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Future research should examine the impact of plans' pharmacy management approaches, using patient-level data.

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The mechanism of the attenuation, by serotonin uptake blockers, of the release-inhibiting effect of exogenous serotonin autoreceptor agonists was studied in rabbit brain cortex and rat hypothalamus slices. The slices were preincubated with 3H-serotonin and then superfused and stimulated electrically. In rabbit brain slices stimulated by trains of 4 pulses at 100 Hz, 5-carboxamidotryptamine and 5-methoxytryptamine reduced the evoked overflow of tritium, and their concentration-response curves were not changed by any of three serotonin uptake inhibitors, namely citalopram, fluvoxamine and 6-nitroquipazine. In contrast, when the slices were stimulated by trains of 10 pulses at 0.033 Hz, fluvoxamine shifted the concentration-response curve of 5-methoxytryptamine to the right. Experiments with the autoreceptor antagonist metitepine indicated that little, if any, endogenous autoinhibitory tone developed in the course of trains of 4 pulses/100 Hz, irrespective of the absence or presence of uptake inhibitors, as well as during trains of 10 pulses/0.033 Hz in the absence of uptake inhibitors, whereas marked autoinhibition developed when 10 pulses/0.033 Hz were applied in the presence of fluvoxamine. In rat hypothalamic slices stimulated by trains of 4 pulses at 100 Hz, citalopram also failed to change the concentration-response curve of 5-methoxytryptamine. These results indicate that serotonin uptake blockers attenuate the effect of exogenous autoreceptor agonists by an increase in the biophase concentration of released serotonin and, hence, in endogenous autoinhibitory tone, and not by some direct "molecular link" unrelated to the biophase concentration of released serotonin.

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This study shows a significant increase in the risk of developing vaginal candidiasis following the use of the antibiotics studied (ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, norfloxacin, cefixime, azithromycin and fosfomycin) compared with that after taking the antidepressants fluvoxamine, fluoxetine, paroxetine, sertraline, venlafaxine and nefazodine in these PEM studies.

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In the early 1970s, a number of observers hypothesized that there had been an increase in mild depression in the United State. Interest in mild depression had increased in the world. One manifestation of that interest was the decision in previous official Nomenclatures of WHO and APA to create separate category for affective disorders in the DSM-III. Patients of mild depression complain mainly of physical symptom, for example, headache, lumbago, abdominal pain, dizziness, sleep disturbance, appetite loss. Early internal treatment of mild depression consists of three factors, rest, antidepressants and psychosocial supports. Up to date, the first choice of antidepressants in SSRI. SSRI has antidepressive effect and less side effect than TCA.

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The behavioural effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (paroxetine, sertraline, citalopram, fluvoxamine, fluoxetine) and reference compounds (N,N'-di(o-tolyl)guanidine, haloperidol, 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-N-(l-propyl)piperidine and chlorpromazine) were studied for their ability to produce dystonia and torticollis following direct micro injection into the left red nucleus of the rat, an area of the brain containing a high density of sigma2 receptors but relatively devoid of biogenic amine receptors. Each animal was monitored for abnormalities in posture and movement for a period of 30 min and then sacrificed 40 min following drug administation. Only fluvoxamine (100 nmol) and fluoxetine (100 nmol) elicited acute dystonic behaviour (1-5 min). The onset of dystonia was accompanied by facial spasticity, vacuous chewing movements and grooming behaviour which reflected the extent of dystonia. The dystonic behaviour following the direct intrarubal injection of fluvoxamine and fluoxetine suggest the possible activation of sigma2 receptors while citalopram, sertraline and paroxetine were without effect. The results of this study support the role of sigma2 receptors in the regulation and control of movement and coordination and provides preliminary evidence to suggest the in vivo activity of sigma receptors by fluoxetine and fluvoxamine.

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Thirty patients, 26 women and 4 men, with drug-resistant depression were enrolled in the study. The subjects from Group No. I (14 patients) were given fluvoxamine and treated with weak variable magnetic field using the VIOFOR JPS device; the subjects from Group No. II (16 patients) were also given fluvoxamine but they were treated with the VIOFOR JPS device in placebo mode. Changes in depressive symptoms were estimated with the 21-point Hamilton Depression Scale (HDRS), Montgomery-Asberg Depression Scale (MADRS) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) questionnaire.

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Six subjects completing clinical treatment with fluvoxamine were enrolled in the study. Spectroscopic quantification of whole brain fluvoxamine concentrations and chromatographic determination of plasma fluvoxamine levels were performed serially for up to 10 days after drug withdrawal. Psychiatric evaluation to assess withdrawal symptoms was also done at each scanning session.

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This article reviews new developments of pharmacotherapy in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and OC spectrum disorders of the past five years. New developments primarily involved the ex-tension of evidence of efficacy of serotonin reuptake inhibitors(SRIs), the use of atypical antipsychotics in addition to SRIs for treatment refractory patients, the combination of pharmacotherapy with behavior therapy, and studies assessing predictors of response. Today, frontline pharmacological treatment of OCD still consists of drugs with potent serotonin reuptake inhibition proper-ties. In case of non-response, treatment options comprise adding another drug, increasing the dose, switching drugs, or changing the mode of delivery.

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At a clinical level, it could be useful to underline dopamine-dependent characteristics of some SSRI-related side effects. This approach would allow clinicians the opportunity to search other dopamine-dependent side effects systematically. At a pharmacologic level, this approach could stimulate the development of molecules with a "corrective" function on dopamine-dependent side effects of SSRIs by facilitating dopaminergic neurotransmission.

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In a randomized, placebo-controlled, two-phase cross-over study, ten healthy volunteers took either 100 mg fluvoxamine or matched placebo orally once daily for 5 days. On day 6, 10 mg buspirone was taken orally. Plasma concentrations of buspirone and its active metabolite, 1-(2-pyrimidinyl)-piperazine (1-PP), were measured up to 18 h and the pharmacodynamic effects of buspirone up to 8 h.

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Fluvoxamine is the selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor with the largest database in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder, a severe, and often chronic, anxiety disorder associated with substantial impairment in functioning. The selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors represent a first-line treatment in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder. These agents work primarily by blocking the re-uptake of serotonin into the presynaptic nerve terminal, which is believed to be mediated by their effects on the serotonin transport system. In the last two decades, the anti-obsessional effect of fluvoxamine has been tested in several double-blind, placebo-controlled and active-comparison studies, demonstrating its superior efficacy over obsessions and compulsions compared with non-serotonergic antidepressants (i.e., desipramine) and equal efficacy to clomipramine (a tricyclic antidepressant with potent serotonin re-uptake inhibition) and other selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (paroxetine and citalopram). However, compared with clomipramine, the selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor fluvoxamine showed fewer side effects and better tolerability. This reflects the poor affinity of this compound for adrenergic, muscarinic, cholinergic or histaminergic receptors.

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Electroencephalogram sleep measures over a 4-week period were obtained on 35 inpatients with major depression (unipolar) who received either fluvoxamine or desipramine in a randomized double-blind trial. Fluvoxamine showed immediate rapid eye movement (REM) sleep suppression and an alerting effect on sleep continuity measures. In contrast, desipramine administration was associated with REM suppression and sleep continuity improvement. The "alerting" quality of fluvoxamine, similar to other serotonergic antidepressants, appears to be unrelated to a lack of clinical efficacy, but may be related to persistent REM sleep suppression. However, it is premature to comment on the serotonin specificity for REM sleep.

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The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of fluvoxamine in the treatment of binge-eating disorder. Binge-eating disorder is a newly described eating disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating but without purging behaviors. Uncontrolled reports have suggested that serotonin selective reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) may be effective in treating this disorder.

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A gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric (GC-MS) screening procedure was developed for detection of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in urine as part of a systematic toxicological analysis procedure. After acid hydrolysis of one aliquot of urine, another aliquot was added. The mixture was then liquid-liquid extracted at pH 8-9, acetylated, and GC separated. Using mass chromatography with the ions m/z 58, 72, 86, 173, 176, 234, 238, and 290, the possible presence of SSRIs and/or their metabolites could be indicated. The identity of positive signals in such mass chromatograms was confirmed by comparison of the peaks underlying full mass spectra with the reference spectra recorded during this study. The overall recoveries of citalopram, sertraline, and paroxetine ranged between 60 and 80%, and those of fluoxetine and fluvoxamine, which were destroyed during acid hydrolysis, were between 40 and 45%. The coefficients of variation were less than 10-20%, and the limit of detection was at least 100 ng/mL (signal-to-noise ratio = 3). This method allowed the detection of therapeutic concentrations of citalopram, fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, paroxetine, and sertraline in human urine samples.

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Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors can be added to clozapine therapy in order to treat remaining negative symptoms and obsessive compulsive symptoms. The present case report describes a 44-year-old man exhibiting extremely elevated plasma levels of clozapine after the addition of fluvoxamine, up to 4160 mcg/l. The elevated plasma levels of clozapine, which were discovered 6 months after the SSRI was added, is likely to be caused by a drug-drug interaction. Clozapine is a substrate of CYP 1A2 and is predominantly metabolised in the liver. Of the SSRIs, fluvoxamine is one of the most potent inhibitors of the isoenzyme CYP 1A2. This case serves to emphasise the need for continuous attention to drug-drug interactions, especially when they might be easily overlooked due to the lack of clear symptoms.

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It was concluded that adding magnetostimulation to pharmacological therapy results in a progressive, significant reduction of intensification of depression symptoms.

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Fluvoxamine was synthesized from 4-trifluoromethylbenzonitrile by the steps of Grignard reaction, hydrolysis and oximation.

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luvox good reviews 2017-02-15

We assessed the functional expression of the norepinephrine (NE) transporter (NET) in cultured rat cortical astrocytes. Specific [3H]NE uptake increased in a time-dependent manner, and this uptake involves temperature- and Na+- buy luvox sensitive mechanisms. The Na+-dependent [3H]NE uptake was saturable, and the Km for the process was 539.3 +/- 55.4 nm and the Vmax was 1.41 +/- 0.03 pmol/mg protein/min. Ouabain, a Na+-K+ ATPase inhibitor, significantly inhibited Na+-dependent [3H]NE uptake. The selective NE uptake inhibitor nisoxetine, the tricyclic antidepressants desipramine and imipramine, and the serotonin and NE reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) milnacipran very potently inhibited Na+-dependent [3H]NE uptake. On the other hand, GBR-12935 (a selective dopamine uptake inhibitor), fluvoxamine (a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor), venlafaxine (a SNRI) and cocaine had weaker inhibitory activities. RT-PCR demonstrated that astrocytes expressed mRNA for the cloned NET protein, which was characterized as neuronal NET. Western blots indicated that anti-NET polyclonal antibody recognized a major band of 80 kDa in astrocytes. These data indicate that the neuronal NET is functionally expressed in cultured rat astrocytes. Glial cells may exert significant control of noradrenergic activity by inactivating NE that escapes neuronal re-uptake in sites distant from terminals, and are thus cellular targets for antidepressant drugs that inhibit NE uptake.

luvox 1 mg 2015-07-27

We previously demonstrated the presence of strain differences in baseline immobility time and sensitivity to the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) fluvoxamine in five strains of mice (ICR, ddY, C57BL, DBA/2 and BALB/c mice). Furthermore, variations in serotonin (5-HT) transporter binding in the brain were strongly related to strain differences in baseline immobility and sensitivity to fluvoxamine. In the present study, we examined the involvement of the 5-HT(1A) receptor in anti-immobility effects in DBA/2 mice, which show high sensitivity to fluvoxamine. The anti-immobility effects of fluvoxamine in DBA/2 mice were inhibited by the 5-HT(1A) receptor antagonist N-[2-[4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethyl]-N-(2-pyridinyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide (WAY 100635). However, the 5-HT(1B) receptor antagonist 3-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]-4-hydroxy-N-[4-(4-pyridinyl)phenyl]benzamide (GR55562), the 5-HT(2) receptor antagonist 6-methyl-1-(methylethyl)-ergoline-8beta-carboxylic acid 2-hydroxy-1-methylpropyl ester (LY 53857), the 5-HT(3) receptor antagonist ondansetron and the 5-HT(4) receptor antagonist 4-amino buy luvox -5-chloro-2-methoxy-benzoic acid 2-(diethylamino)ethyl ester (SDZ 205,557) did not influence the anti-immobility effects of fluvoxamine in DBA/2 mice. These results suggest that fluvoxamine-induced antidepressant-like effects in DBA/2 mice are mediated by the 5-HT(1A) receptor. We analyzed 5-HT(1A) receptor binding in the brains of five strains of mice. Strain differences in 5-HT(1A) receptor binding were observed. 5-HT(1A) receptor binding in brain was not correlated with baseline immobility time in the five strains of mice examined. These results suggest that, although the anti-immobility effects of fluvoxamine in DBA/2 mice are mediated by the 5-HT(1A) receptor, strain differences in 5-HT(1A) receptor binding are not related to variation in immobility time and responses to fluvoxamine.

luvox 20 mg 2016-03-06

The favorable safety profile of the newer antidepressant drugs recently introduced has lead to their increased use in transplant recipients. These new agents are a chemically diverse group of compounds that have selective serotonin reuptake inhibitory properties. Most of these medications inhibit one or more hepatic microsomal cytochrome p450 isoenzymes. Because buy luvox cyclosporine is metabolized predominantly by CYP3A3/4 isoenzymes, inhibition of this system can lead to the buildup of toxic levels. Two case reports of cyclosporine toxicity attributable to interactions with the novel antidepressants nefazodone and fluvoxamine are presented. The serum creatinine and whole blood cyclosporine levels were found to be elevated at a routine clinic visit. Although it was subsequently possible to reduce the dose of cyclosporine by between 33% and 50%, the frequency of blood draws and consultations was greatly increased in both patients over several weeks, resulting in considerable patient anxiety. Interestingly, both nefazodone and fluvoxamine are known to potently inhibit the CYP3A3/4 isoenzymes. It is concluded that the introduction of a novel antidepressant to a cyclosporine-treated allograft recipient may be complicated by cyclosporine toxicity. Intensive monitoring of the serum creatinine and cyclosporine level is indicated under such circumstances, with dose reductions performed as indicated.

luvox 200 mg 2017-03-30

A tic is an involuntary, sudden, rapid, recurrent, nonrrhythmic, stereotyped, motor movement or vocalization. This paper reviews clinical, pathophysiological, epidemiological and treatment issues of tic disorders. The clinical presentation of tic disorders with simple and complex motor or vocal tics is reviewed in detail. The most common psychiatric comorbid conditions, such as personality disorder (PD), Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Self-Destructive Behavior (SDB) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are presented too. All forms of tics may be exacerbated by anger or stress, but they are usually markedly diminished buy luvox during sleep. Premonitory feelings or "sensory experiences", which are distinct from the actual motor or phonic tics and precede the tics, occur in over 80% of tic-patients and in 95% of patients with Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome (GTS). The American Psychiatric Association recognizes three types of tic disorders on the basis of clinical criteria: Transient Tic Disorder, Chronic Motor or Vocal Tic Disorder and GTS. The diagnostic criteria for these types are described. According to epidemiological data, up to 10% of children have at least somewhere a transient tic disorder. The onset of tics, whether simple or multiple, occurs at approximately 7 years of age. The accepted prevalence figure for GTS is 0.05-3%. Although tics can appear as the result of brain injury, Huntington chorea or encephalitis, they are most commonly idiopathic. Genetic factors appear to be present in many but not in all cases of tic disorders. Autosomal dominant, sex-linked models or semirecessive-semidominant-oligogenic models have been considered. Based on the review of the literature we believe that tic disorders are related to altered neurotransmitter function within the CNS, especially that the functional abnormality is somehow related to dopaminergic mechanism. Several authors have recently investigated the possible role of autoimmune response to streptococcal infection in the pathogenesis of tics. The differential diagnosis of tics is reviewed in detail. Above all tics represent a social disability. The ability to tolerate tics varies greatly from one individual to another, and the need for treatment is better defined by the patient than by the physician. Mild cases do not need be treated. Ideally, management should be multidisciplinary and can range from educative to supportive means or to intricate pharmacological interventions. The major form of treatment of the motor or vocal symptoms continues to be based on high-potency "typical" neuroleptics (tiaprid, pimozide, haloperidol), which induce a wide range of potentially serious side effects. In everyday practice we prefer to start with an "atypical" neuroleptic drug--for example, olanzapin (5-10 mg/day), risperidone or clozapine. Other drugs, such as clonidin or pergolid are widely used but their efficiency is still questionable. SSRIs (sertaline, citalopram, fluoxetin, fluvoxamine) or other antidepressants (clomipramine) have been used in treatment of psychiatric comorbid conditions, too. Botulinum toxin injections have proved useful in tics, targeting at the symptoms of blepharospasm, in neck and facial muscles.

luvox dose forms 2016-08-03

Bupropion and fluvoxamine appear less effective in long-term treatment of MDD. These results should be confirmed by buy luvox randomized placebo-controlled prospective studies with larger samples.

luvox tablet strengths 2016-07-23

A total of 165 adult OCD subjects participated in one or more eight-week RCT with clomipramine, fluvoxamine, or fluoxetine. All subjects were classified as having major or minor symptoms in four specific OC symptom dimensions that were derived in a previous factor analytic study involving many of these same patients. Ordinal logistic buy luvox regression was used to test the association between OC symptom dimensions and SRI response.

luvox medication 2017-01-22

Concomitant fluvoxamine use can potentially reduce the buy luvox dosage of clozapine needed in treatment-refractory patients with schizophrenia. Previous reports have shown that fluvoxamine can increase plasma clozapine concentrations by inhibition of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of fluvoxamine, 50 mg/day, coadministration with clozapine, 100 mg/day, in refractory schizophrenic patients.

luvox recommended dose 2016-10-15

Pro-arrhythmia by noncardiac drugs has become an important safety concern in the pharmaceutical industry. The most common underlying mechanism for induction of arrhythmias by noncardiac drugs is off-target block of the native cardiac repolarizing current, I Kr. The pore-forming subunit buy luvox of I Kr is encoded by the human ether-a-go-go related gene (hERG), and in vitro measurements of hERG activity has become a standard component of drug safety evaluations. hERG/I Kr channels are blocked by a wide array of different chemical series; therefore, patients could be exposed to multiple blockers. There are few published studies addressing whether multiple blockers will exert independent actions on hERG channels. Whole cell patch clamp was used to evaluate the potential for cooperative effects when 2 hERG blocking agents were applied simultaneously. Cisapride, quinidine, fluvoxamine, and BeKm-1 were selected as representative agents binding to: (1) hydrophobic residues in the inner vestibule (cisapride and quinidine, the most frequent sites of interaction), (2) an extracellular segment near the pore (BeKm-1) or, (3) an unknown site (fluvoxamine). No synergistic blocking actions were seen. In some cases block was slightly less than additive. On balance, the results are consistent with additive and independent actions with simultaneous application of 2 hERG blockers.

luvox maximum dosage 2015-06-02

A high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was developed to assay 4-chlorophenylbiguanide (4-CPBG) and cycloguanil formed buy luvox from proguanil by microsomes prepared from human liver. The limit of detection was 0.08 nmol mg-'. h-I.

luvox generic cost 2015-08-14

Our double-blind controlled clinical trial showed duloxetine to be as effective as sertraline in reducing obsessive and compulsive symptoms in patients with resistant OCD buy luvox . However, it needs to be noted that our study is preliminary, and larger double-blind placebo-controlled studies are necessary to confirm the results.

luvox 50 mg 2017-09-23

The authors reviewed the drug side effects observed in their ward during the 5 last years (1988-92). These alleged effects occurred at a very low incidence, 3 per cent, (116 cases on 3809 hospitalizations). As mentioned in the literature, the occurrence was higher in females (60 per cent), than in males. The age seemed not to be a risk factor in that population, the mean age being 44 for the men and 45 for the women. All side effects disappeared after decreasing or stopping the suspected drug. In 6 cases the suspected drug was not a psychotropic agent. The authors presented some of the more often reported cases, and some of the more recently known, such as extrapyramidal side effects with antidepressants, buy luvox increase of the libido with serotonergic antidepressants. The problem fo polytherapy is discussed. In half (59/116) of the cases there was a psychotropic association. The side effect may be due to a pharmacokinetic interaction in 16 cases, either with enzymatic inhibitors like dextropropoxyphene, valpromide, valproic acid, fluvoxamine and fluoxetine, or with enzymatic inducers like carbamazepine. The authors compared the side effects of the antidepressants mainly used in their ward (amitriptyline, clomipramine, fluvoxamine and fluoxetine).

best luvox dosage 2015-12-20

The study demonstrated that fluvoxamine bound to sigma-1 receptors in living human brain at therapeutic doses. These findings suggest that sigma-1 buy luvox receptors may play an important role in the mechanism of action of fluvoxamine.

luvox weight reviews 2016-07-13

Sewage and sewage sludge is known to contain pharmaceuticals, and since sewage sludge is often used as fertilizer within agriculture, the reduction of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) Citalopram, Sertraline, Paroxetine, Fluvoxamine and Fluoxetine during composting has been investigated. Sewage sludge was spiked with the SSRIs before the composting experiment started, and the concentration of the SSRIs in the sludge during a 21 day composting period was measured by liquid phase microextraction (LPME) and high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. All the SSRIs had a significant decrease in concentration during the composting process. The highest reduction rates were measured for Fluoxetine and Paroxetine and the lowest for Citalopram. In Risperdal 100 Mg addition three out of four known SSRI metabolites were found in all the samples, and two of them showed a significant increase in concentration during the composting period.

luvox 400 mg 2015-08-24

The efficacy and safety of fluvoxamine maleate, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, was compared with placebo and imipramine in patients with major depressive disorder. Previous literature has cited a dose range of 100 to 300 mg/day of fluvoxamine maleate for the treatment of major depression; however, this study demonstrates that a dose range of 50 to 150 mg/day is as effective as imipramine (80-240 mg/day). After a 1- to 2-week, single-blind, placebo washout phase, 150 depressed outpatients were randomized to double-blind treatment with fluvoxamine maleate (50-150 mg/day), imipramine (80-240 mg/day), or placebo for 6 weeks. Fluvoxamine produced a significant therapeutic benefit over placebo (p < or = 0.05) as assessed by the total score on the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression; imipramine (80-240 mg/day) produced similar results. The secondary outcome variables (i.e., Clinical Global Impression severity of illness item and 56-Item Hopkins Symptom Checklist depression factor) also showed significant differences between fluvoxamine maleate and placebo during three of the four final weeks of the study. Both fluvoxamine maleate and imipramine appeared to be safe and well tolerated by the majority of patients. As expected from the pharmacology of these agents, the imipramine Antabuse Online Australia groups reported more anticholinergic effects (dry mouth, dizziness, and urinary retention) and electrocardiographic effects, whereas the fluvoxamine group reported more nausea, somnolence, and abnormal ejaculation. The majority of these adverse events were mild to moderate and, with the exception of dry mouth (imipramine) and abnormal ejaculation (fluvoxamine), were transient. The data clearly demonstrate the antidepressant activity and tolerability of fluvoxamine maleate (50-150 mg/day) as compared with placebo; it is also as effective as the tricyclic antidepressant imipramine (80-240 mg/day) in patients with major depressive disorder.

luvox depression medication 2015-12-14

Treatment with 5HT reuptake inhibitors has been shown to attenuate ethanol consumption in both animals and humans. These experiments investigate in mice the interactions of the 5HT reuptake inhibitors fluoxetine, citalopram and fluvoxamine and the NA uptake inhibitor desipramine with ethanol in the holeboard test and the elevated plusmaze test of anxiety. Ethanol (2.4 g/kg) increased activity both in the holeboard and on the plusmaze, decreased both the number and duration of head-dips in the holeboard, and increased both the percentage time and percentage entries on to the open-arm of the plusmaze (reflecting its anxiolytic properties). On their own, the selective 5HT uptake inhibitors fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, and citalopram and the NA uptake inhibitor desipramine (10-20 mg/kg) did not significantly alter any of the behavioral measures. The only consistent interaction was seen with fluoxetine which reduced ethanol's anxiolytic effects at the 20 mg/kg dose without altering ethanol's effects on exploration or locomotion. The results suggest that the attenuation of ethanol's anxiolytic properties by fluoxetine Cymbalta And Alcohol may not be serotonin related since other 5HT reuptake inhibitors did not show this effect at the doses used.

luvox cr reviews 2015-06-21

The initiation of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor treatment in patients receiving warfarin was not associated with a significant increase in the risk of hospitalization for UGIB. Depakote Bipolar Dosage

luvox dosage forms 2016-07-26

Around 40-60% of the patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) remain unimproved by serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs). Goal of this study was to compare the efficiency and safety of aripiprazole versus quetiapine, in patients with OCD, who did not respond effectively to Casodex Online fluvoxamine.

luvox medication reviews 2015-03-04

Web-based surveys have a selection bias, and Imitrex Pill Identifier diagnoses were based on self-reports.

luvox generic price 2016-10-22

Changes in D(2) receptors during antidepressant therapy have been reported in patients with major depressive disorder using PET/SPET. The aim of this study was to evaluate modifications in D(2) receptors that might occur in patients affected by obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) during serotonin reuptake sites inhibitors (SSRIs). To this purpose, we measured the in vivo binding of [(11)C]raclopride ([(11)C]Rac)in the brain of a group of OCD naïve patients before and after the repeated administration of the inhibitor SSRI fluvoxamine. Eight patients with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IVth edition diagnosis of OCD completed the study undergoing a PET scan and a complete clinical evaluation before and during treatment with fluvoxamine. Patients have been compared also with a group of nine age-matched normal volunteers Sporanox Recommended Dosage . Fluvoxamine treatment significantly improved clinical symptoms and increased [(11)C]Rac binding potential (BP) in the basal ganglia of OCD patients (7.5+/-5.2, 6.9+/-6.9, and 9.9+/-9.3% in dorsal caudate, dorsal putamen, and ventral basal ganglia, respectively; p<0.01) to values closer to those observed in the group of normal subjects. Chronic treatment with fluvoxamine induces a slight but significant increase in striatal [(11)C]Rac BP of previously drug-naïve OCD patients. The modifications in D(2) receptor availability might be secondary to fluvoxamine effects on serotoninergic activity.

luvox reviews 2015-12-06

Although often necessary for obtaining remission following major depressive disorder, combined antidepressant treatment is frequently associated with drug interactions and enhanced adverse drug effects. We investigated pharmacokinetic interactions following combined fluvoxamine and amitriptyline treatment and their impact on therapeutic efficacy and tolerability. Twenty-two inpatients with major depression [Hamilton Depression Scale (HAM-D) rating > or =18] were treated with either amitriptyline (75 mg/day), fluvoxamine (100 mg/day) or both. Blood samples, for determination of amitriptyline, its major metabolite nortritpyline, and fluvoxamine, were obtained after single dose administration and in steady-state. Norvasc Medicine Therapeutic efficacy was evaluated using HAM-D and adverse drug effects were evaluated using the clinical global impression scale. Following combined treatment, steady-state plasma levels of nortriptyline were significantly decreased compared to monotherapy. HAM-D scores after two-week treatment showed that there was a better response to combined treatment. There was no significant difference in severity of adverse effects among groups. We observed a pharmacokinetic interaction between fluvoxamine and amitritpyline resulting in impaired metabolism of the later. However, no significant impact of the interaction on treatment safety was observed. Moreover, concomitant use of amitriptyline at 75 mg/day and fluvoxamine at 100 mg/day was well tolerated with a more prompt and stronger onset of clinical response compared to monotherapy in patients with major depression.

luvox 150 mg 2017-06-13

Subsequent to participation in the RCT, almost two-thirds of the participants Lasix Drug Class received some form of additional treatment (either pharmacological or psychological), and as a result, it is impossible to determine interaction effects with additional treatment received after the trial.

luvox therapeutic dose 2016-12-11

A feature common to all selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) is that they are believed to act as antidepressant drugs because of their ability to reversibly block the reuptake of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) in the synaptic cleft. From a chemical perspective, however, they show distinct differences. Consequently, the pharmacokinetic behaviour of of the drugs can be very different, and these pharmacokinetic differences may have a major influence on their clinical profiles of action. All SSRIs have a great affinity for the 5-HT reuptake carrier in the synaptic cleft in the central nervous system, with much less affinity for the noradrenaline (norepinephrine) reuptake Diflucan 50 Mg carrier, and for alpha- and beta-adrenergic, dopamine, histamine, 5-HT and muscarine receptors. Fluoxetine and citalopram are available as racemic mixtures, the isomers of fluoxetine having almost equal affinity to the 5-HT reuptake carrier, while the reuptake inhibitor properties of citalopram reside almost exclusively in the (+)-isomer. Norfluoxetine, one of the metabolites of fluoxetine, has a selectivity for the 5-HT reuptake carrier comparable with that of fluoxetine. Gastrointestinal absorption of the SSRIs is generally good, with peak plasma concentrations observed after approximately 4 to 6h. Absolute bioavailability of citalopram is almost 100%, whereas it is likely that the other compounds undergo (substantial) first-pass metabolism. Apparent oral clearance values after single doses range from 26 L/h (citalopram) to 167 L/h (paroxetine), while after multiple doses oral clearance is markedly reduced, particularly for fluoxetine and paroxetine. Plasma protein binding of fluoxetine, paroxetine and sertraline is > or = 95%; values for fluvoxamine (77%) and citalopram (50%) are much lower. For all compounds, however, protein binding interactions do not seem to be of great importance. Although many attempts were made, to date no convincing evidence exists of a relationship between plasma concentrations of any of the SSRIs and clinical efficacy. Elimination occurs via metabolism, probably in the liver. Renal excretion of the parent compounds is of minor importance. Metabolites of fluvoxamine and fluoxetine are predominantly excreted in urine; larger quantities of metabolites of paroxetine (36%) and sertraline (44%) are excreted in faeces. The half-lives of fluvoxamine, paroxetine, sertraline and citalopram are approximately 1 day. The half-life of fluoxetine is approximately 2 days (6 days after multiple doses), and that of the active metabolite norfluoxetine is 7 to 15 days. The metabolism of paroxetine, and possibly also of fluoxetine, is under genetic control of the sparteine/debrisoquine type. Available data indicate that metabolism of SSRIs is impaired with reduced liver function.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

luvox pill 2016-07-06

We examined the effects of subchronic (4 days) administration of the 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) re-uptake inhibitors, fluoxetine, fluvoxamine and zimelidine and the noradrenaline-uptake inhibitor, desipramine, on isoprenaline-induced water drinking in rats treated with ethanol. These rats demonstrated significant increases in water drinking as compared to control rats that had received only i.p. injections of distilled water (P < 0.01). Administration of fluoxetine (5-20 mg/kg daily i.p., for 4 days) dose-dependently decreased water intake as compared to that of rats treated with ethanol only. In contrast, fluvoxamine, zimelidine (10 mg/kg i.p.) and desipramine (5 mg/kg i.p.) produced no significant effects on water intake. Pretreatment of animals with spiperone, Zofran 50 Mg methysergide, ritanserin, zacopride and BRL 43694A, together with fluoxetine, failed to reverse the inhibitory effect of the latter on isoprenaline-stimulated water intake. The results of the present study indicate that the action of fluoxetine on isoprenaline-stimulated water drinking in ethanol-treated rats may be mediated by an action on beta-adrenoceptors.

luvox cr dosage 2017-01-20

Forty-one consecutively admitted inpatients affected by a major depressive episode in course of major depressive disorder were administered fluvoxamine for 6  Plavix 600 Mg weeks. Changes in severity of depression were assessed with weekly Hamilton Depression ratings and analyzed with repeated measures ANOVA in the context of General Linear Model, with rs4680 and fluvoxamine plasma levels as factors.

luvox normal dose 2017-02-14

Application of the PBPK models for prediction of phenotypic differences in the PKs compared favorably with reported clinical data. In addition, the PBPK/PD models were able to describe the relationship between the drugs' PD effect and their unbound fractions in the brain and predict changes in receptor/transporter occupancy percentages, obtained from positron emission tomography occupancy studies, associated with genetic variations.

luvox reviews australia 2015-08-14

This paper presents an overview of the clinically relevant pharmacology of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) with an emphasis on their pharmacokinetics and effects on cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes. The SSRIs are potent inhibitors of the neuronal reuptake pump for serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) and have minimal effects on a number of other sites of actions (e.g. neuroreceptors and fast sodium channels). For this reason, drugs in this class have remarkable similarity as regards acute and maintenance antidepressant efficacy and tolerability profile. However, individual members of this class differ substantially in their pharmacokinetics and effects on CYP enzymes. Most SSRIs have a half-life (t1/2) of approximately 1 day. Fluoxetine, however, has a longer t1/2 of 2 to 4 days, and its active metabolite, norfluoxetine, has an extended t1/2 of 7 to 15 days. Fluoxetine, paroxetine and, to a lesser extent, fluvoxamine inhibit their own metabolism. That is not the case for citalopram or sertraline. There are nonlinear increases in paroxetine plasma concentrations with dosage increases, but proportional changes with citalopram and sertraline. Indirect data suggest that fluoxetine and fluvoxamine also have nonlinear pharmacokinetics over their usual dosage range. Age-related increases in plasma drug concentrations for citalopram (approximately 130%) and paroxetine (approximately 50 to 100%) have been observed in healthy elderly (65 to 75 years) persons versus those who are younger. There is an age-gender interaction for sertraline, with its plasma concentrations being 35 to 40% lower in young men than in elderly or young females or elderly males. While there is no apparent change in fluvoxamine plasma levels as a function of age, plasma drug concentrations are 40 to 50% lower in males than in females. Limited data from clinical trials suggest that age-related differences with fluoxetine may be comparable to those of citalopram and paroxetine. Marked differences exist between the SSRIs with regard to effects on specific CYP enzymes and, thus, the likelihood of clinically important pharmacokinetic drug-drug interactions. The most extensive in vitro and in vivo research has been done with fluoxetine, fluvoxamine and sertraline; there has been less with paroxetine and citalopram. The available in vivo data at each drug's usually effective antidepressant dose are summarised below. Citalopram produces mild inhibition of CYP2D6. Fluvoxamine produces inhibition (which would be expected to be clinically meaningful) of two CYP enzymes. CYP1A2 and CYP2C19, and probably a third, CYP3A3/4. Fluoxetine substantially inhibits CYP2D6 and probably CYP2C9/10, moderately inhibits CYP2C19 and mildly inhibits CYP3A3/4. Paroxetine substantially inhibits CYP2D6 but doses not appear to inhibit any other CYP enzyme. Sertraline produces mild inhibition of CYP2D6 but has little, if any, effect on CYP1A2, CYP2C9/10, CYP2C19 or CYP3A3/4. Understanding the similarities and differences in the pharmacology of SSRIs can aid the clinician in optimal use of this important class of antidepressants.