reglan dosing information
Gastroparetic patients treated with metoclopramide were enrolled. Clinical parameters recorded were age, sex, weight, diabetic status, gastric emptying result, daily dose, effectiveness, and side effects. DNA was isolated from salivary samples; 20 single nucleotide polymorphisms were genotyped in 8 candidate genes (ABCB1, ADRA1D, CYP1A2, CYP2D6, DRD2, DRD3, HTR4, KCNH2).
To evaluate the effect of PRL on the male pituitary-gonadal system, serum concentrations of PRL, testosterone, LH and FSH were determined in healthy young men daily before, during, and after 3-day oral administration of bromocriptine, metoclopramide or sulpiride. Bromocriptine (2.5 mg as a single dose) caused, concurrently with a marked suppression of serum PRL, a significant increase of serum testosterone and a transient decrease of serum LH. The changes of PRL and testosterone were negatively correlated. With metoclopramide (10 mg q.i.d.) serum PRL was increased and testosterone inversely decreased. There was no change in LH and FSH. Sulpiride (50 mg q.i.d.) evoked the elevation of serum PRL and LH, but no change in testosterone. A significant increase in serum concentration of testosterone was also observed in a patient with PRL-producing pituitary tumour and four out of seven patients with acromegaly during bromocriptine treatment. These results suggest an inhibitory effect of PRL on testosterone secretion at the gonadal level, or direct dopaminergic stimulatory control of testosterone secretion.
The purpose of this report is estimation of influence of Metoclopramidum on gastrointestinal tract in children and advantages of its administration in gastrointestinal examination. Between October 1980 and August 1981 70 children had contrast gastrointestinal studies with administrations Metoclopramidum. In the cases of suspicion pylorostenosis administration Metoclopramidum make possible correct diagnosis with minimal irradiation of child. After administration Metoclopramidum the roentgenological sing of hiatus hernia and reflux gastro-oesophageal are better visible.
reglan 20 mg
Study of gastric retention of 99mTc-labeled meal by gamma camera is a reliable technic. Patients with anorexia nervosa were found to have increased gastric retention or delayed gastric emptying of a standard meal. Administration of metoclopramide acutely enhanced gastric emptying and chronically improved the weight and gastrointestinal symptoms of patients with anorexia nervosa. The gastrointestinal symptoms most significantly improved were: intolerance to meals, postprandial epigastric pain, belching, vomiting, anorexia and early satiety. Metoclopramide should be considered as an adjunct treatment in patients with anorexia nervosa.
reglan drug interactions
Cyclophosphamide induces moderate to severe emesis. The severity of emesis is dependent on the dose of cyclophosphamide and on the addition of other cytotoxic drugs. A review of the literature dividing studies according to the dose of cyclophosphamide and the specific cytotoxic combination shows that ondansetron plus dexamethasone provides optimal antiemetic therapy in patients receiving standard or high-dose cyclophosphamide (> or = 450 mg/m2). These studies also show that it is important to give antiemetic therapy to cover the prolonged duration emesis and nausea induced by these regimens, e.g. intravenous CMF/(F)AC/(F)EC. For continuous 'oral' (low-dose) CMF chemotherapy, oral ondansetron or oral metoclopramide plus intravenous (or possibly oral) dexamethasone are effective antiemetic therapies.
reglan 5mg medication
Twelve males with azoospermia secondary to exposure to the nematocide 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane were challenged to iv LRH (100 micrograms), TRH (200 micrograms), and metoclopramide (MET; 10 mg) administered 30 min apart. When compared to 24 male controls, both basal FSH and LH levels as well as peak gonadotropin responses to LRH were increased in the azoospermic group. The patients also had increased total estradiol (E2) and testosterone (T) as well as testosterone-binding globulins levels. Free T levels, however, were not significantly different from the controls. Basal PRL levels were similar in the two groups. However, the peak PRL responses to both TRH and MET were significantly increased in the azoospermia subjects (P < 0.001). In both groups, the PRL response to MET was greater than to TRH. In the individual control and azoospermic subjects, there was no correlation between the PRL response and E2, T, or the E2 to T ratio. However, a positive correlation did exist between testosterone-binding globulin levels and the PRL response to TRH and MET. Although the precise mechanism underlying the PRL hyperresponsiveness is unknown, it may be an estrogen-induced phenomenon.
Eight women with normal term pregnancy were i.v. administered 10 mg Metoclopramide (M), dopamine antagonist, before and during labor. Serum prolactin (PRL), TSH, GH and cortisol levels were measured at -30, 0, 30 and 60 minutes after M administration by specific radioimmunoassay. Basal serum PRL levels before labor, 287.5 +/- 28.6 ng/ml (mean +/- S.E.), significantly declined during labor to 237.0 +/- 22.4 and 216.4 +/- 22.9 ng/ml (p less than 0.05 at both) at 0 and 30 minutes before M administration, respectively. The increments in serum PRL at 30 and 60 minutes after M administration during labor (209.5 +/- 33.9 and 120.0 +/- 27.1 ng/ml, respectively) were not significantly different from those before labor (202.1 +/- 48.7 and 89.9 +/- 30.1 ng/ml, respectively), suggesting that the decline in serum PRL levels during labor is not due to the dopaminergic control. Basal serum TSH and GH levels were not significantly changed by labor and M administration either before or during labor. Serum cortisol levels tended to increase during labor, but these changes were not significant. The data suggest that the PRL releases from the pituitary during labor are not controlled by the dopaminergic mechanism.
reglan ppi medication
We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical questions: What are the effects of treatments for nausea and vomiting occurring either as a result of the disease or its treatment, in adults with cancer? What are the effects of treatments for nausea and vomiting occurring either as a result of the disease or its treatment, in adults with chronic diseases other than cancer? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to April 2008 (Clinical Evidence reviews are updated periodically, please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this review). We included harms alerts from relevant organisations such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the UK Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA).
reglan pediatric dosing
Valproate was less efficacious than either metoclopramide or ketorolac. Metoclopramide demonstrated superiority to ketorolac on several endpoints.
reglan 8 mg
A double-blind crossover study was conducted of two gastric prokinetic drugs in 23 patients with gastroesophageal reflux. Patients were divided into two groups on the basis of a dual-isotope mixed-meal study of their gastric emptying (GE). Group I had normal GE and group II delayed GE. Nine gastrointestinal symptoms were assessed for frequency and severity before treatment. The trial had three 1-month treatment periods using metoclopramide 10 mg q.i.d., domperidone 20 mg q.i.d., or placebo on a random basis. Symptoms were reassessed at the end of each month. Taken as a whole, the group showed a significant symptomatic response in all three treatment periods (p less than 0.0001), but patients with delayed or normal GE did not differ significantly in their symptomatic response. Eleven patients complained of side effects with metoclopramide and three stopped therapy before the 1-month course was completed. Two patients described side effects with domperidone, including one woman with galactorrhea after 36 h of treatment. Three patients on placebo also complained of important side effects. We conclude that a significant placebo effect is present in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux. No significant difference was demonstrated in symptomatic improvement between placebo, domperidone, and metoclopramide in this study.
reglan 10mg medication
The results obtained showed that ondansetron was more effective in controlling nausea and vomiting than metoclopramide, either objectively (2.80 +/- 0.422 vs. 1.40 +/- 0.699, p < 0.005) or subjectively (4.10 +/- 0.738 vs. 2.10 +/- 0.994, p < 0.005).
Metoclopramide, a drug used for the relief of nausea and emesis, is currently under development as a radio- and chemosensitizing agent. Its usefulness in high doses, however, is limited by its central nervous system side effects. Neu-metoclopramide (Neu-Sensamide), a novel, concentrated, phosphate-buffered, pH-adjusted (pH = 6.5-7.0) formulation of metoclopramide, has been shown to have an improved side-effect profile in animal studies. The present double-blind, four-way crossover study compared the central nervous system effects and pharmacokinetics of neu-metoclopramide (intravenously and intramuscularly at 1.8 mg/kg) with intravenous metoclopramide and intramuscular placebo in 19 healthy male volunteers. Eight participants withdrew from the study, one because of noncompliance and seven because of adverse events. A total of 28 central nervous system events were observed with intravenous metoclopramide administration, whereas 16, 15, and 6 such events were attributed to intravenous neu-metoclopramide, intramuscular neu-metoclopramide, and placebo, respectively. Extra-pyramidal effects occurred on 10 occasions: 7 after intravenous metoclopramide, 2 after intravenous neu-metoclopramide, and 1 after intramuscular neu-metoclopramide. No significant differences were observed in the pharmacokinetic profiles of the three formulations of metoclopramide. It may be speculated, therefore, that the molecular conformational changes inherent to neu-metoclopramide result in a reduced side-effect profile compared with conventional metoclopramide formulations.
reglan generic drug
There was no difference about the intensity of pain reduction neither about the development of collateral effects comparing dipyrone to metoclopramide.
reglan nausea medication
A total of 46 patients with PGS(from abdominal surgery) were randomly divided into control and acupoint injection groups (n=23 in each group). Patients of the acupoint injection group were treated by injection of Metoclopramide (5 mg+ normal saline) into bilateral Zusanli (ST 36) and Weishu (BL 21) alternatively, while patients of the control group treated by injection of 10 mg of Metoclopramide into the deltoid muscle and gluteus maximus muscle alternatively. The treatment of both groups was conducted once daily for 14 days. A 3-point scale of clinical symptoms (abdominal distension, belching, nausea-vomiting, upper-abdominal distending pain, sour regurgitation and gastric burning sensation) was used to evaluate the therapeutic effect.
reglan renal dosing
As an intravenous injection is not used in our premedication of infants and children for small bowel biopsy, we investigated what effects oral metoclopramide might have on small bowel biopsy procedure time and fluoroscopy time. Eighteen infants and children were randomized to receive 0.2 mg/kg metoclopramide or placebo orally, 40-45 min before starting the procedure, and the procedure was monitored for the time required for the biopsy capsule to reach the pylorus, to cross into the proximal duodenum, and to reach the biopsy site. Corresponding fluoroscopy times were recorded as well. Mean total procedure time was less for those treated with metoclopramide, 43.7 +/- 11 min, than for controls, 86.5 +/- 15.5 min (p less than 0.005). Mean total fluoroscopy time was also less in treated patients (40.9 +/- 11.5 s versus control 84.4 +/- 17 s) (p less than 0.005). The effect of metoclopramide occurred in the interval for the biopsy capsule to cross the pylorus (15.1 +/- 2.7 min versus control 60.8 +/- 16.6 min) (p less than 0.005) and in fluoroscopy time required (15.1 +/- 1.9 s versus control 46 +/- 17 s) (p less than 0.005). Oral metoclopramide is effective in reducing procedure time for small bowel biopsy, and its predictable action facilitates reduction in fluoroscopy exposure.
reglan generic name
With the removal of cisapride from the U.S. market, practitioners have increasingly used other medications, such as metoclopramide, to treat gastroesophageal reflux in pediatric patients. We describe the case of a neonate who developed methemoglobinemia after receiving metoclopramide at doses slightly above the recommended age-appropriate dosage. Health care providers should be aware of this potentially serious side effect in young infants who receive this medication.
A procedure is described for determining 4-amino-5-chloro-2-methoxy-N-(2-ethylaminoethyl)benzamide, a metabolite formed by de-ethylation of metochlopramide, in urine from rats. The sampe is extracted (at pH approximately 13) with chloroform and, after treatment with heptafluorobutyric anhydride, derivatives of the extracted compounds are analyzed by gas-liquid chromatography, with electron-capture detection and diazepam as internal standard. The drug and its metabolite are separated, and the latter can be determined in the range 0.4 to 1.85 microgram/ml in the sample. The behaviour of the metabolic during chemical-ionization and electron-impact mass spectrometry is discussed.
Prochlorperazine, promethazine, and metoclopramide, when used alone, were superior to placebo. Droperidol and prochlorperazine were superior or equal in efficacy to all other treatments, although they also have more side effects (especially akathisia). Metoclopramide was equivalent to prochlorperazine and, when combined with diphenhydramine, was superior in efficacy to triptans and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Meperidine was inferior to chlorpromazine and equivalent to the other neuroleptics. The overall percentage of patients with pain relief after taking droperidol and prochlorperazine was equivalent to sumatriptan.
reglan 5mg tab
To the authors' knowledge, this is the first case report of microcystin intoxication in a dog after using a commercially available blue-green algae dietary supplement. Veterinarians should recognize the potential harm that these supplements may cause and know that with intervention, recovery is possible. In addition, more prudent oversight of dietary supplement use is recommended for our companion animals to prevent adverse events/intoxications.
reglan liquid dose
Prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded study.
reglan nausea dose
Ten hypertensive subjects were studied at the Vargas Medical School in Caracas, Venezuela. They were submitted to submaximal treadmill exercises according to Bruce's protocol under treatment with dopaminergic drugs (metoclopramide, bromocriptine). Before and during submaximal exercises, metoclopramide caused a hypotensive effect accompanied by an increased heart rate, which was blocked by the administration of bromocriptine. We conclude that a probable dopaminergic modulatory influence takes place during exercise.
Although an increasing number of studies concerning postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) have been performed, we do not know, what anaesthesiologists think about this problem and how they handle it in their daily routine.
generic reglan price
To avoid the accumulation of metoclopramide that occurs with repeated i.v. bolus doses, a new regimen for the administration of high-dose metoclopramide consisting of a loading dose followed by a continuous infusion was investigated to determine the pharmacokinetics and antiemetic efficacy of the drug when given in this manner. Nine patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma entered the study, of whom six completed the study, receiving each of three dosage schedules of metoclopramide during three consecutive courses of chemotherapy. In these six patients plasma metoclopramide half-life was 5.9 +/- 0.4 h (mean +/- s.e. mean) and plasma clearance was 25.4 +/- 4.8 l/h (mean +/- s.e. mean). Neither half-life nor clearance were dose-related. Steady-state was achieved during 9/18 infusions. Nausea and vomiting were completely controlled in 13/24 treatment courses (57%) and adverse effects were minimal. We conclude that steady-state plasma concentrations of metoclopramide can be achieved using a weight-related infusion regimen, though the optimum plasma concentration remains to be determined.
reglan brand name
The palonosetron-dexamethasone combination was more effective as compared to only palonosetron for reducing PONV after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
reglan 50 mg
Dexamethasone administration can result in intractable hiccups that persist for the duration of therapy. Low dose oral metoclopramide may prevent hiccups in patients in whom the discontinuation of dexamethasone therapy is not appropriate.
Twelve antagonists of apomorphine-induced emesis in dogs were studied in different tests to evaluate their antiemetic specificity. Ten of these antagonists were neuroleptics: benzquinamide, clebopride, bromopride, prochlorperazine, haloperidol, chlorpromazine, thiethylperazine, metoclopramide, droperidol, and pimozide blocked conditioned responding in dogs and apomorphine-induced stereotyped behavior in rats. The use of these compounds as anti-emetics entails a risk of neurological side effects. Metopimazine and domperidone were devoid of neuroleptic activity. Metopimazine, however, showed potent alpha-adrenergic blocking activity, showed histamine H1 antagonism, and induced palpebral ptosis. Therapeutic doses of metopimazine are, therefore, likely to produce sedation and side-effects related to autonomic blockade, Domperidone showed potent antiemetic activity and, up to high doses, no other central or peripheral effects. Therefore, domperidone is the only specific antiemetic known.
reglan 5 mg
In this double-blind, randomized, crossover study, 16 adult migraineurs fulfilling International Headache Society (IHS) criteria for migraine with or without aura who had failed to receive adequate relief from triptans treated one migraine with each treatment: sumatriptan 50 mg plus metoclopramide 10 mg or sumatriptan 50 mg plus placebo to match metoclopramide. Patients treated their migraines when they were moderate or severe in intensity and recorded pain severity and symptoms prior to treatment and 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes and 24 hours after treatment.