Generic Uroxatral is used for treating symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in men with an enlarged prostate. It may also be used for certain conditions.
Other names for this medication:
Also known as: Alfuzosin.
Generic Uroxatral is an alpha-blocker. It works by blocking receptors in the lower urinary tract, causing smooth muscles in the bladder neck and prostate to relax. This relaxation improves urine flow and reduces the symptoms of BPH.
Generic name of Generic Uroxatral is Alfuzosin.
Brand name of Generic Uroxatral is Uroxatral.
Take Generic Uroxatral by mouth with food. Take with meal every day.
Swallow Generic Uroxatral whole. Do not break, crush, or chew before swallowing.
Take Generic Uroxatral on a regular schedule to get the most benefit from it.
If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Generic Uroxatral suddenly.
If you overdose Generic Uroxatral and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.
Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture, light and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children in a container that small children cannot open.
The most common side effects associated with Uroxatral are:
Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.
Do not take Generic Uroxatral if you are allergic to Generic Uroxatral components.
Do not take Generic Uroxatral if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother. Generic Uroxatral can harm your baby.
Do not take Generic Uroxatral if you have moderate to severe liver disease.
Do not take Generic Uroxatral if you are taking an alpha-blocker (e.g., prazosin), an azole antifungal (e.g., ketoconazole), or an HIV protease inhibitor (eg, ritonavir).
Sit up or stand slowly, especially in the morning.
Avoid situations in which injury could occur due to fainting.
Keep Generic Uroxatral away from children and don't give it to other people for using.
Do not stop taking Generic Uroxatral suddenly.
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The estimated population for medical treatment was 5,397,321 individuals, with a cost corresponding to 1,916,489,055.00 US dollars. The estimated population for surgical treatment was 2,040,299 men, what would represent a cost of 353,291,204.00 US dollars based on the SUS table and of 1,904,279,066.00 US dollars based on AMB with hospital expenses included.
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Acute urinary retention in elderly men taking ranolazine may be due to drug-induced bladder hypotonia.
The sexuality and the management of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with alfuzosin (SAMBA) trial evaluated the effect of alfuzosin on sexual function in men treated for BPH using two sexual function scales: male sexual health questionnaire (MSHQ) and international index of erectile function (IIEF-15). A total of 148 patients with BPH were treated with alfuzosin for 24 weeks. The patients were followed at baseline, 4, 12 and 24 weeks after medication with alfuzosin. MSHQ was collected at every visit, whereas Q(max), IPSS and IIEF-15 were checked at baseline and end point. At the end point, Q(max) (+4.7 ml s(-1), P<0.01) and IPSS (-5.3, P<0.01) had improved significantly. Alfuzosin also significantly improved the total MSHQ (19.2%, 79.1-94.3, P<0.01) and the MSHQ ejaculatory scores (26.0%, 22.3-28.1, P=<0.01) versus baseline. Alfuzosin for the treatment of patients with BPH is effective in improving sexual function, as well as lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTSs) and quality of life, and is well tolerated.
It is well known that Alpha-1 adrenergic receptor antagonists affect the receptors in the prostate and also iris dilator muscle, leading to loss of iris muscle tone.
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In all, 3076 men (mean age 65.9 years) were treated for 1 year with alfuzosin 10 mg in 'real life' practice. They were asked to complete the International Prostatic Symptom Score (IPSS), its appended eighth question (bother score) and the Danish Prostatic Symptom Score questionnaire for sexual dysfunction (DAN-PSSsex). The results were analysed at the endpoint in the intent-to-treat population.
Until 1974 it was widely accepted that alppha-adrenoceptors represented a homogeneous population of receptors. Following the discovery of presynaptic, release-modulating receptors and based on differences in potency for the alpha-adrenoceptor antagonist phenoxybenzamine, it was proposed in 1974 that alpha-adrenoceptors should be subdivided in alpha1-and alpha2-subtypes. The concept of subtypes of the alpha1-adrenoceptor was first suggested in the mid 1980s on the basis of the different affinities for the agonist, oxymetazoline, and the antagonists, WB4101 and phentolamine on certain 1-adrenoceptor mediated pharmacological preparations. Subsequent characterization of the alpha1-adrenoceptor using radioligand binding and functional studies has let to the identification of the three native prazosin-high-affinity alpha1-adrenoceptor subtypes designated alpha1A, alpha1B, and alpha1D, corresponding to the three alpha1-adrenoceptor subtypes (alpha1a, alpha1b, and alpha1d) characterized by molecular cloning techniques. Studies concerning the distribution of alpha1-adrenoceptors in the human prostate tissue have shown that the predominant cloned alpha1a-adrenoceptor subtype characterized by RNAase protection assays corresponds to the alpha1A-subtype. Both obstruction and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are enhanced by noradrenergic activation of stromal alpha1-adrenoceptors in prostate. Therefore, the prostatic alpha1-adrenoceptors have become an important target for the pharmacotherapeutic treatment of BPH. In this context, Alfuzosin was the first uroselective alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonist to be evaluated in the treatment of BPH and was subsequently marketed, initially in France, in 1987. This drug has since become the standard alpha1-adrenoceptor blocker in the treatment of BPH and is widely marketed in Europe. Many of the alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonists currently prescribed in the treatment of BPH do not exhibit in vitro selectivity between alpha1A, alpha1B, and alpha1D-subtypes and yet they have good clinical tolerance in terms of low incidence of cardiovascular effects. One possibility to explain these findings is that another alpha1-adrenoceptor subtype could be implicated in human prostatic smooth muscle contraction. There is some evidence that an alpha1-adrenoceptor subtype with lower affinity for prazosin designed 1L, which has not been cloned yet, may be the predominant alpha1-subtype involved in the contractile response of the human prostatic smooth muscle to noradrenaline.
Two cluster open randomised controlled trials (RCTs) were carried out in a large scale NHS setting. Ad hoc prepared evidence based material were used considering a therapeutic area approach--TEA, with information materials on osteoporosis or prostatic hyperplasia--and a single drug oriented approach--SIDRO, with information materials on me-too drugs of 2 different classes: barnidipine or prulifloxacin. In each study, all 115 Primary Care Groups in a Northern Italy area (2.2 million inhabitants, 1737 general practitioners) were randomised to educational small groups meetings, in which available evidence was provided together with drug utilization data and clinical scenarios. Main outcomes were changes in the six-months prescription of targeted drugs. Longer term results (24 and 48 months) were also evaluated.
We reviewed the files of 316 patients with lower urinary tract symptoms treated at our department with the alpha-blockers terazosin, alfuzosin or tamsulosin. Using followup data up to 3 years, we calculated re-treatment percentages in each treatment group. Using extended followup of 5 years, we calculated the predictive value of various baseline characteristics for re-treatment.
The double-back translation method with two interim modifications was used to produce the Finnish version of the NIH-CPSI. The validity was tested by presenting the questionnaire to 155 men with clinically confirmed chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) and 12 controls with no previous urological symptoms. Convergent validity of the NIH-CPSI was tested by determining the correlation between the Finnish NIH-CPSI and VAS. Patients' and urologists' opinions about the utility of the Finnish NIH-CPSI were also reviewed.
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In this study, silodosin suppressed both mouse and hamster ureteral contractions more potently than doxazosin, terazosin, or alfuzosin. Hence, this alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor antagonist warrants further study as a potentially very useful medication for stone passage in urolithiasis patients.
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Regional Spinal Injuries Centre, Southport, UK.
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Levofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone used globally to treat respiratory, skin, and genitourinary tract infections. It is generally well tolerated and there is a very low risk for liver injury in patients taking this antibiotic.
Alfuzosin 10 mg OD increased the likelihood of successful TWOC in men with a first episode of spontaneous AUR and should be continued beyond the acute phase, as it reduced the need for BPH surgery during a 6-month treatment period.
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It is shown in this experimental unilateral partial UPO model that alfuzosin treatment prevents obstructive renal damage.
1. In anaesthetized cats the effect of the alpha 1-adrenoceptor agonist phenylephrine, microinjected into the left intermediolateral cell column of the spinal cord at the third thoracic level, was studied on left inferior cardiac nerve activity. 2. Microinjection of 100 nl of 10 or 40 mM-phenylephrine caused increases in inferior cardiac nerve activity in fifteen out of seventeen experiments. 3. The microinjection of the alpha 1-adrenoceptor antagonist alfuzosin (100 nl of 10 mM) into the intermediolateral cell column antagonized the excitatory response elicited by phenylephrine. 4. Increases in inferior cardiac nerve activity produced by glutamate and 5-hydroxytryptamine microinjected into the intermediolateral cell column were not antagonized by alfuzosin. 5. It is concluded that activation of alpha 1-adrenoceptors in the region of the intermediolateral cell column can cause an increase in the firing rate of sympathetic preganglionic neurones which innervate postganglionic neurones projecting into the inferior cardiac nerve.
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Dysfunctional voiding (DV) is due to a dysfunction in the pelvis floor muscles caused by hyperactivity of the urethral sphincter and the musculature of this zone during the voiding phase of the micturition cycle. The treatments used are recommending correct micturition habits, biofeedback and pelvic relaxation exercises. Currently, drugs are also used, such as alpha lithic drugs and injection of botulinic toxin, however its experience in children is limited.
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In all, 150 male patients in the five groups were compared. LUTS were less in groups A and B (P < 0.05), while dry mouth was significantly reported in Group A. Individual comparisons with the placebo group showed a non-significant difference with Group C, while Group E had significant nocturia improvement. Selective comparison of two best groups (A and B) showed less frequency in Group B, while the other LUTS were less in Group A with comparable side-effects.
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The study of efficacy of alpha-blocker alfuzosine (dalphaz CP) in a dose 10 mg/day for treatment of postoperative complications after transurethral resection (TUR) of the prostate and open adenomectomy (OAE) and in quality of life (QoL) improvement enrolled 22 patients after TUR of the prostate and 18 patients after OAE. Examination of the patients was carried out before the operation 10 days and 1 month after surgery. The assessment was performed according to IPSS, QoL index, V and RU. It is shown that patients treated without the alpha-blocker had more urination defects. Administration of alpha-blocker on day 1 after surgical treatment of prostatic adenoma leads to earlier regress of urination disorders. This improves the course of the postoperative period, lowers the risk of urogenital infection and risk of acute urine retention. Therefore QoL rises significantly.
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Phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors, such as tadalafil, are a first-line treatment for erectile dysfunction (ED). Nevertheless, some patients do not respond to this treatment. Clinical data suggest that the addition of alpha1-adrenoceptor blocker, such as alfuzosin, commonly prescribed for lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia, may be of benefit. Aim. Evaluation of the effect of alfuzosin, tadalafil or the combination of both on human corpus cavernosum.
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In order to assess the efficacy and safety of alfuzosin, a selective alpha-1 receptor antagonist, 205 patients with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) were randomly assigned in a double-blind, placebo-controlled manner, to receive either alfuzosin 2.5 mg TID or placebo TID during 12 weeks. After 12 weeks symptom scores-assessed according to the Madsen-Iversen scale were significantly reduced in the alfuzosin group and peak flow rate significantly increased compared to the placebo group. There were no significant differences concerning adverse events or withdrawals. Alfuzosin proved to have a beneficial effect in patients with symptomatic BPH with few and minor adverse events.
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The construction and characterization of potentiometric membrane electrodes are described for the quantification of alfuzosin, a drug used in a mono- and combined therapy of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The membranes of these electrodes consist of alfuzosin hydrochloride-tetraphenyl borate, (Az-TPB), chlorophenyl borate (Az-ClPB), and phosphotungstate (Az(3)-PT) ion associations as molecular recognition reagent dispersed in PVC matrix with dioctylpthalate as plasticizer. The performance characteristics of these electrodes, which were evaluated according to IUPAC recommendations, revealed a fast, stable and liner response for alfuzosin over the concentration ranges of 8.3 x 10(-6) to 1.0 x 10(-2) M, 3.8 x 10(-6) to 1.0 x 10(-2) M, 7.5 x 10(-7) to 1.0 x 10(-2) M AzCl with cationic slopes of 57.0, 56.0 and 58.5 mV/decade, respectively. The solubility product of the ion-pair and the formation constant of the precipitation reaction leading to the ion-pair formation were determined conductometrically. The electrodes, fully characterized in terms of composition, life span and usable pH range, were applied to the potentiometric determination of alfuzosin hydrochloride ion in different pharmaceutical preparations and biological fluids without any interference from excipients or diluents commonly used in drug formulations. The potentiometric method was also used in the determination of alfuzosin hydrochloride in pharmaceutical preparations in four batches with different expiration dates. Validation of the method showed suitability of the proposed electrodes for use in the quality control assessment of alfuzosin hydrochloride. This potentiometric method offers the advantages of high-throughput determination, simplicity, accuracy, automation feasibility, and applicability to turbid and colored sample solutions.
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PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese BioMedical Literature Database and VIP were searched for eligible studies. Direct evidence was analyzed narratively. We used a random-effects model within a Bayesian framework to calculate indirect estimates if no direct evidence existed. The GRADE approach was used in summarizing conclusions.
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We analyzed the spontaneous reports of gynecomastia related to the use of α1-ARAs and collected from the RNF and from VigiBase(™) up to December 2012. Cases of gynecomastia have been defined as reports associated with gynecomastia according with Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA). Reporting odds ratio (ROR) and Information Component (IC) were calculated as measures of disproportionality in RNF and VigiBase(™), respectively.
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TWOC has become a standard practice worldwide for men with BPH and AUR. In most cases, an α(1)-blocker is prescribed before TWOC and significantly increases the chance of success. Prolonged catheterization is associated with an increased morbidity.
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To assess the effect of the age of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) on the clinical uroselectivity of alfuzosin during general medical practice.
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